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Module 1 Activity

Surgical Pharmacology

TermDefinition
Absorption Uptake
Adverse Effect Any unexpected or dangerous reaction to a drug
Agonist A substance that acts like another substance and therefore stimulates an action
Antagonist A substance that acts against and blocks an action
Bioavailability The degree and rate at which substance (as a drug) is absorbed into a living system or is made available at the site of physiological activity
Biotechnology The fusion of biology and technology, the application of biological techniques to product research and development.
Biotransformation The transformation of chemical compounds in a living system
Contraindication A condition which makes a particular treatment or procedure potentially inadvisable.
Distribution The pattern of branching and termination of a ramifying anatomical structure
Duration The length of time a current is flowing
Emulsion A system consisting of a liquid dispersed with or without an emulsifier in an immiscible liquid usually in droplets of larger than colloidal size
Enteral Pertaining to the small intestine
Excretion The act or process of excreting
Hypersensitivity Abnormally susceptible physiologically to a specific agent (as a drug or antigen)
Idiosyncratic effect Adverse reactions to antiepileptic drugs
Indication A condition which makes a particular treatment or procedure advisable
Local effect Refers to an adverse health effect that takes place at the point or area of contact
Onset The first appearance of the sign and symptoms of an illness
Parenteral Not delivered via the intestinal tract
Pharmacodynamics A branch of pharmacology dealing with the reactions between drugs and living systems
Pharmacokinetics The study of the bodily absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs
Plasma protein binding Describes the ability of proteins to form bonds with other substances, and most commonly refers to the bonding of drugs to these molecules in blood, RBC,other components of the blood and to tissue membranes.
Reconstituted To restore to a former condition by adding liquid
Side effect A problem that occur when treatment goes beyond the desired effect.
Solubility The quanity or state of being soluble
Solution An act or the process by which a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance is homogeneously mixed with a liquid or sometimes a gas or solid
Suspension The state of a substance when its particles are mixed with but undissolved in a fluid or solid
Synergist An organ, agent, or substance that arguments the activity of another organ, agent or substance
Systemic effect A drug's reaction on the body as a whole
Topical Pertaining to a particular surface area
Controlled substances A drug or chemical substancce whose possession and use are regulated under the Controlled Substances Act.
Narcotics Drugs that cause insensibility or stupor
DEA The Drug Enforcement Administration of the US department of Justice, which regulates interstate commerce in prescription drugs to prevent them from being used as drugs of abuse.
FDA Food and Drug Administration
The Joint Commission A United States-based nonprofit tax exempt organization that accredits more than 20,000 health care organizations and programs in the United States.
OTC (Over the Counter) Available without a prescription
PDR (Physician Desk Reference) A thick volume that provides a guide to prescription drugs in the United States
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia National Formulary
Created by: elaina.keee