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Breath sounds


Wheeze Continuous, musical/whistling *bronchospasm, collapse, secretions, foreign body
Rhonci Continuous low pitch snoring/gurglin *air passing through airways
Stridor Continuous high pitch *airway obstruction
Crackles/Rales Discontinuous high pitch - with inspiration only *PNA, atelectasis, pulmonary edema
Pleural friction rub Continuous dry crackle, heard over area of pain *inflammation
Trachial and bronchiole sounds heard centrally, loud tubular sounds. Inspiration is shorter than expiration with a pause
Vesicular sounds High pitched, heard distally. Inspiration is longer than expiration without a pause
If a high pitched sound is auscultated centrally, what does this indicate? PNA - bronchiole sounds that are heard centrally are abnormal
Diminished sounds can indicate emphysema, sever congestion or hypoventiltion
Absent lung sounds lung collapse or pneumothorax
What 3 things can cause an increase in loudness and distinction of voice sounds Consolidation, Atelectasis or fibrosis
Bronchophony increased vocal clarity of spoken words - 99
Egophony long E sounds change to nasal-sounding A
Whispered pectoriloquy Recognition of whispered words
Created by: leaderjenna