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final project

basic pharmacology

TermDefinition
Absorption Absorption is the process by which a drug is taken into the body and moves from the site of. administration into the blood.
Adverse effect Are undesired, potentially harmful side effects of drugs.
Agonist Are drugs that bind to or have an affinity (attraction) for a receptor and cause a particular response.
Antagonist Also known as receptors blockers areDrugs that bind to a receptor and prevent a response.
Biotechnology Refer to the concepts of genetic engineering and recombinant DNA technology.
Bio-transformation also known as metabolism is the process in which the chemical composition of the drug changes into water to be excreted.
Bolus A round mass of medicinal material, larger than an ordinary pill.
Contraindication A reasons why certain medication or drug be undesirable or improper in particular situation.
Distribution The process in which the drugs molecules diffuses out of the blood-stream to the site of action.
Duration The time between onset and disappearance of drug effects.
Emulsion A liquid preparation consisting of tow or more completely immiscible liquids, such as water and oil.
Enteral Indicates that the medication is taken into the gastrointestinal tract, primarily by mouth (orally).
Excretion A process in which medication is eliminated out of the body.
Hypersensitivity A predictable but unintended effect of a drug.
Idiosyncratic effect a raer unpredictable adverse effect from medication or drug.
Indication The reason or purpose for giving a medica- tion.
Local effect Agents in which work at the site of application.
Onset The time between administration of a drug and the first appearance of effects.
Parental Indicates any route other than the digestive tract.
Pharmacodynamics The of how of the drug affects the body.
Plasma Protein binding Drugs molecules that binds to the plasma protein within the blood.
Reconstituted Powdered substances in which must be mixed with a solution that can be administered by injection.
Side effects Is a predictable but unintended effect of a drug.
Solubility The ability to be dissolved.
Solution A mixture of drug particles (called the sol- ute) fully dissolved in a liquid medium (called the solvent such as water or saline).
Suspension A suspension is a form in which solid undissolved particles float (are sus-pended) in a liquid.
Synergist A drug that enhances the effect of another drug.
Systemic effect A term used to describe a medicine that affects through the body.
Topical Medications are applied to the skin surface or a mucous membrane–lined cavity.
Controlled substances Medications that have potential for abuse.must keep careful records of the amount of medication used as well as the date, the patient, the per- son administering the medication, and the person obtaining it.
Narcotics A drug that relieves pain and induces drowsiness,stupor,or insensibility.
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration enforce the Controlled Substances.
FDA Federal Food and Drug Administration inspects the facilities where drugs are made, reviews new drug applications, investigates and removes unsafe drugs from the market, and requires proper labeling of drugs.
The Joint Commission An independent nonprofit national organization that develops standard and performance criteria for health care organization.
OTC Category of medications that did not require a prescription( over-the-counter)
PDR Physicians’ Desk Reference,provides easy access to information on several thousand medications used in medical and surgical practice.
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia- National Formulary
Bioavailability Indicates the degree to which the drug molecule reaches the site of action to exert its effects.
Pharmacokenetics The study of the movement of drugs through the body, involving absorption,distribution,bio-transformation,and excretion.
Created by: marvas101