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Patho

NPTE

QuestionAnswer
What blood glucose level indicates hyperglycemia? >180-200
what are the Sx of hyperglycemia increased thirst and urination dyspnea, fruity breath, dry mouth, LOC *can progress to ketoacidosis*
Recommended blood glucose levels prior to a meal 70-130mg/dl
Recommended blood glucose levels after a meal <180
T score representing osteopenia Less than -1 but still above -2.5
T score representing osteoporosis anything lower than -2.5
Osteomalacia pathology and sx soft bones secondary to Ca or phospohorus deficiency Sx: vague ache, bowing of legs
Paiget's disease is a decrease/increase in osteoblasts/osteoclasts activity increase in Osteoclasts = bone resorption bones will appear larger but they are very weak
Osteoporosis is a decreased a decrease/increase in osteoblasts/osteoclasts activity decrease in osteoblasts
Addison's - cause and symptoms Adrenal deficiency = decreased cortisol and decreased aldosterone Sx: Hypotension, weak, weight loss
Cushing's - cause and sypmtoms Hyper adrenal - increased cortisol and ACTH Sx: hyperglycemia, moon face, HTN, decreased memory
What position is best for a high risk pregnant patient L sidelying - reduces pressed on IVC
Levels that indicate hypoglycemia and what are the Sx <70 sx: dizzy, hunger, h/a - give juice
What is Grave's disease and who is affected most? Hyperthyroid autoimmune disease Women at a higher risk
Normal HDL > 60mg/dL
Abnormal fasting glucose > 110
What is normal GFR and what does it measure filtration rate of kidneys - measures function normal > 90
Stages of Kidney disease GFR 60-89: mild GFR 30-59: moderate GFR 15-29: severe Failure < 15
Symptoms of Metabolic Alkylosis muscle fasiculations, cramping, hypoventilation
Symptoms of Metabolic Acidosis hyperventilation, arrythmias
Hypopituitary symptoms dwarf, diabetes, no puberty
Hyperpiuitary symptoms acromegaly - giantism
PT concers with Cushing's disease Monitor Sx of increased ICP, orthostatic *Report sleep disturbances to MD delayed healing osteoporosis
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism fatigue, weight gain, decreased HR, cold insensitivity, constipation, decreased mental status
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism nervous, weight loss, increased BP, exophthalmos, enlarged thyroid, heat insensitivity *decreased exercise tolerance
Are arrythmias and tachycardia more common with hyperthyroid or hypo? hyper
Hypoparathyroid symptoms and causes hypocalcemia = seizures, decreased cognition tetany mm spasms & cramping, ECG changes, hypotension *life threatening*
Hyperparathyroid symptoms and causes renal stones and kidney damage - hypercalcemia Sx: mm wasting, bone deformities and myopathy fatigue, N/V
Normal monofilament testing 2.5-3
light touch monofilament testing 3-5
Protective sensation monofilament testing 5.07
Created by: leaderjenna