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Medical Terminology

White Module - Anatomy & Physiology

TermDefinition
abdominopelvic cavity contains the digestive & reproductive organs
abduction movement away from the median plane of the body
adduction movement toward the median plane of the body
anatomical position places the body in a worldwide accepted position; body standing erect, arms at the side, feet together, head & palms facing forward
anterior/ventral front of the body
anterolateral pertaining to the front side region
cell building block of the body
cervical pertaining to the neck
cranial cavity holds the brain
cytology the study of cells
deep away from the surface of the body; more internal
diaphragm muscle that separates the thoracic from the abdominopelvic cavities
distal farthest away from the point of attachment
dorsal cavity includes the cranial & spinal cavities
dorsodynia pain in the back
epigastric region upon/above the stomach
eversion turning outward
external pertaining to the outside
frontal forehead area
hypertension excessive pressure; high blood pressure
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
inferior away from the head; below; toward the feet
infracostal pertaining to beneath or below the ribs
infralumbar below or under the loin region
inguinal pertaining to the groin area
inversion turning inward
lateral to the side
left hypochondriac upper left region beneath the ribs
LLQ left lower quadrant
lumbar pertaining to the loin area; low back
LUQ left upper quadrant
medial pertaining to the midline of the body
mediosternal pertaining to the middle of the sternum
midsagittal median plane; division into equal right & left sides
nuclear pertaining to the nucleus
organ a group of tissues working together to perform an activity
organism the highest level of organization
parietal pertaining to the outer wall of the body cavity
perichondral pertaining to around cartilage
plane imaginary line that divides the body for anatomical purposes
posterior/dorsal back of the body
posterolateral pertaining to behind and to the side
proximal closest to the point of attachment
right hypochondriac upper right region beneath the ribs
right lumbar right middle lateral region
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quandrant
sacral pertaining to the lower back
sagittal divides the body into right & left unequal sides
spinal cavity holds the spinal cord
superficial toward the surface of the body
superior toward the head; above
suprarenal pertaining to above the kidneys
system a group of organs working together to perform an activity
thoracic pertaining to the chest
tissue a group of cells that perform the same basic activity
transport to carry across
transverse divides the body into upper & lower portions
ventral cavities include the thoracic & abdominopelvic cavities
visceral pertaining to an organ
Created by: ginaliane
 

 



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