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Chapter 13

Drugs for Muscle and Joint Disease and Pain

QuestionAnswer
The place of union or junction between two or more bones of the skeleton Joint
An organ that produces movement by contracting Muscle
The three types of muscle groups Skeletal, Smooth, and Cardiac
An agent used specifically to reduce muscle tension Muscle relaxant
This muscle relaxant has an unlabeled use for treating hiccups Lioresal (baclofen)
Side effects of muscle relaxants Sedation, reduced mental alertness, reduced motor abilities, and GI upset
Any medication taken to relieve pain Analgesic
Another name for a fever reducing medication Antipyretic
10 grams or more per day of this drug can be fatal Aspirin
This can develop in children who have been given aspirin after having been exposed to chicken pox or other viral infections Reye's Syndrome
The first-line medication for mild to moderate pain Acetaminophen
The maximum acetaminophen dose per day 4 grams
"Joint inflammation" Arthritis
The three most common forms of arthritis Osteoarthritis, bursitis, and rheumatoid arthritis
Autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system attacks and destroys its own connective tissue Rheumatoid arthritis
The predominant drugs used to treat arthritis NSAIDs
The first COX-2 Inhibitor to be approved by the FDA Celebrex
DMARD disease- modifying antirheumatic drug
A disease resulting from the improper excretion of uric acid. Usually affects single joints, such as the big toe. Gout
The drug of choice for acute gout attacks Colchicine
A deposit of sodium urate around a joint Tophus
Created by: sarakiefer