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Behavioral Mod. 2

TermDefinition
Incompatible behavior A behavior that cannot be emitted simultaneously with another behavior because they are functionally or physically incompatible. It is also a behavior that interferes with performance of another behavior (see also DRI)
Initial behavior A behavior that the student performs before instruction begins and that resembles the target behavior in some way. It is the first behavior reinforced in a shaping procedure
Instructional cycle The stimulus, response, and consequence series. It is also called (three-term contingency)
Intermitted reinforcement The reinforcement of some, but not all, occurrences of a response
Interval schedule of reinforcement A reinforcement schedule based on the interval of time between reinforced responses. There are two kinds of interval schedules: fixed interval and variable interval
Intervention The action that is taken to change a target behavior
Least restrictive treatment of model A list of behavioral based treatment procedures for decreasing the inappropriate behavior of retarded persons in which the procedure are ranked according to their aversiveness, severity, and intrusiveness
Manual restraint The use of physical contact, with the trainer’s hand and/or body, in a behavioral physical restraint procedure. The restraint is contingent on the performance of a particular misbehavior
Mechanical restraint The use of devices such as straps or helmets in a behavioral physical restraint procedure. The non-contingent use of these devices is called custodial restraints
Modeling The presentation of a behavior to be imitated. See also imitation
Natural consequence A consequence that is not programmed but rather is provided by the environment
Negative modeling An undesirable side effect of punishment of interventions whereby the punished person may imitate the punishing behavior of the person providing the punishment
Negative practice A procedure in which the misbehaving person is required to repeatedly practice the inappropriate behavior
Non-contingent reinforcement Reinforcement that is not related to any specific response
Non-exclusionary timeout type 2 procedure misbehaving allowed remain reinforcing environment, but not allowed engage reinforcing activities specific period of time done by withdrawing specific reinforcers contingent observation, timeout chair instituting timeout ribbon procedure
Operant aggression The aggressive behavior directed towards the source of punishment
Operant behavior A behavior that is controlled by its consequences
Operant level A description of the frequency of a behavior before instruction begins
Overcorrection A type 1 punishment procedure in which the misbehaving student is required to overcorrect the environmental effects of the misbehavior and/or practice appropriate forms of behavior in those situations in which the misbehavior commonly occurs
Partial graduated guidance The segment of a graduated guidance procedure in which the trainer fades the amount of physical guidance so that the student gradually performs the desired behavior with less assistance
Created by: jervang91