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Chapter 1

Firefighter Orientation

What fraction of fire departments provide an ambulance service? 1/2
Define smoke jumpers. Firefighters who parachute from airplanes to reach remote locations
What percentage of fire companies are staffed by volunteers? 70%
In 2002, what was the median hourly earning of firefighters? $17.42
Name the full time positions from highest to lowest rank. Fire chief, deputy chief, assistant chief, battalion chief, captain, lieutenant, inspector, engineer
Define CVD. Cardiovascular disease. Blood vessels become narrow or blocked.
Define CHD, and CAD. Coronary heart disease, and coronary artery disease. The blood vessels supplying the heart muscle become blocked, causing a heart attack.
Define ischemia. Lack of oxygen to a muscle.
Define myocardial infarction. Death of the heart muscle; also known as a heart attack.
Which CVD risk factors can not be modified? Gender, age, race, and heredity.
Which CVD risk factors can be modified? Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, physical inactivity, and smoking.
What is normal blood pressure, and high blood pressure? 120/80, and high is 140/90.
Name the two blood lipids. Triglycerides and cholesterol.
What carries the lipids in the blood? Low-density lipoproteins (LDLs) which are bad cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotiens (HDLs) which are good cholesterol.
Name five benefits of flexibility. 1. Reduced risk of injury 2. Increased efficiency 3. Reduced muscle soreness 4. Increased neuromuscular coordination 5. Increased tissue temperature
Name four benefits of strength training. 1. Stimulates muscle growth 2. Perform tasks with less stress 3. Increased bone density 4. Improved flexibility
Define CTD. Cumulative trauma disorder. Wear and tear on joints and surrounding tissues due to overuse.
What is tendonitis? Tendons or their sheaths swell, causing pain.
What are the risk factors for CTDs? Repetition, force, position, contact stress, vibration, temperature extremes, stressful conditions.
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