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psychology unit3 ch9

mechanism of memory formation

Alzheimer's disease A disease which progressively destroys neurons in the brain, causing memory loss.
Amnesia Memory loss.
Amygdala An almond-shaped structure, located in the medial temporal lobe of the brain that is central in emotion, aggression and in implicit learning. It is vital in initiating and processing emotional responses and forming emotional memories.
Anterograde amnesia Inability to encode and store new memories.
Axon The part of a neuron along which the electrochemical nerve-impulse is transmitted.
Consolidation Process in which the brain forms a permanent representation of memory.
Dementia A neurological disorder affecting higher mental functions, and may be caused by disease or brain damage.
Dendrite The tree-like element of a neuron that receives information from other neurons.
Hippocampus Finger-sized curved structure that lies in the medial temporal lobes. It is responsible for consolidation of explicit (declarative) memories and acts to transfer these to other parts of the brain for storage as long-term memory.
Neuron Nerve cells, responsible for communication within the body.
Neurotransmitter Chemicals that help the communication across nerve synapses.
Retrograde amnesia Inability to recall previously stored memories. This is a problem with retrieval.
Soma Cell body of a neuron. Controls metabolism and maintenance of the cell.
Synapse The connection between two neurons.
Created by: lydiamcc