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WGU Gov't & Pol Sci

Stack #160773

What is political theory? an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
Thucydides Author of History of the Peloponnesian War. Called the master analyst of partisan politics.
Plato 427-347 b.c. Established a school of philosophy. School named for hero Academus.
Aristotle 384-322 b.c. Studied under Plato for two decades. Opened his own school.
Anarchy The condition of having no government or laws.
Military - Industrial Complex An informal alliance of military leaders and corporations that devises schemes for spending tax revenue for its own benefit.
Political Legitimacy The widespread acceptance that government has the authority to make decisions.
Representative Democracy A republic; specifically, a government whose authority is obtained and held, directly or indirectly, through free elections in which all competent adult citizens are allowed to participate.
Direct Democracy A form of government in which all citizens meet periodically to discuss and vote on almost all matters related to government.
Monarchy Governance by a hereditary, unelected leader, often based on perceived divine right.
Progressive Income Tax A tax system in which the tax rate rises as income rises.
Social Contract A hypothetical agreement among members of a society (or between a society and its ruler) regarding the rights and duties of each.
Free Rider The ability of an individual to enjoy the benefits from a collective action without having to pay for the benefit.
Pluralism A society in which independent groups seek political power in order to achieve their goals.
Public Goods Goods and services available to all citizens, such as highways, national defense, public health, and air-traffic control, that are unlikely to be produced by the market.
Power The ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions.
Authority The right to use power.
Legitimacy Political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution.
Democracy The rule of the many
Direct or Participatory Democracy A governement in which all or most citizens participate directly.
Representative Democracy A government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competitive struggle for the popular vote.
Elite Persons who possess a disproportionate share of some valued resources, like money or power.
Marxist Vier View that the government is dominated by capitalists.
Power Elive View View that the governement is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of governement.
Bureaucratic View View that the government is dominated by appointed officials.
Pluralistic View The belief that competition among all affected interests shapes public policy.
Created by: pmflem