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Ch.10 Pharmacology

GI and related drugs

A continuous tube that begins in the mouth, extends through the pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and large intestine, and ends at the anus Gastrointestinal (GI) tract
The time it takes for material to pass from one end of the GI tract to the other GI Transit Time
This is another name for heartburn GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
These are examples of contributors to heartburn Overeating, smoking, alcohol, eating late at night
The most common cause of gastritis Alcohol
This medication is a coating agent used to form a protective shield over an ulcer Carafate (sucralfate)
A drug that blocks gastric acid secretion by inhibiting the enzyme that pumps hydrogen ions in to the stomach Proton Pump Inhibitor
Disorders of the upper GI tract caused by the action of acid and pepsin Peptic disease
This drug used to treat NSAID-induced gastric ulcers is also used to induce labor Cytotec
This drug is the most common cause of drug-induced ulcers Aspirin
The two forms of inflammatory bowel disease Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease
This can be dangerous because it can quickly lead to dehydration Diarrhea
This drug is a Schedule V because one of the ingredients is a derivative of the narcotic meperidine Lomotil (diphenoxylate/atropine)
Constipation and several GI diseases are intricately related to this Fiber
The undigested residue of fruits, vegetables, and other foods of plant origin that remain after digestion by the human GI enzymes Fiber
This is the formation and inflammation of an outpocketing from the colon wall Diverticular Disease
The most common of the GI disorders, this is a functional disorder in which the lower GI tract does not have the appropriate tone or spasticity to regulate bowel activity Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Another name for vomiting Emesis
The sensation of the room spinning upon standing or changing positions Vertigo
A drug that controls nausea and vomiting Antiemetic
A state in which a person's total body weight includes greater quantities of fat than is considered normal Obesity
An infectious febrile disease caused by the protozoan Plasmodium and transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito Malaria
The three most common types of Hepatitis A, B, and C
A bacterium that contributes to the development of may gastric ulcers H. Pylori
The most commonly used agents for weight loss Stimulants
The generic for Zantac ranitidine
The generic for Prevacid lansoprazole
The generic for Nexium esomeprazole
The generic for Protonix pantoprazole
The brand name for diphenoxylate/atropine Lomotil
The brand name for polyethylene glycol 3350 Miralax
The generic for Dulcolax bisacodyl
The brand name for prochlorperazine Compazine
The brand name for meclizine Antivert
The generic name for dextroamphetamine Dexedrine
Give examples of drugs that are H2 Histamine Blockers cimetidine, ranitidine, famotidine
Created by: sarakiefer



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