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Constitution Test

What was the name of the US first form of government? Articles of Confederation
Why was America's first form of government a failure? The states had too much power, and the federal government did not have the power to tax
What was the goal of the Constitutional Convention? To write the Constitution and to make sure the powers of both state and federal government are fair
What was the New Jersey plan? An idea for a government where the smaller states get more power
What was the Virginia plan? The idea for a government of 2 houses
What was the Great Compromise? That Congress would have 2 houses
What was the 3/5th Compromise? Each slave would only count as 3/5ths of a person
Who was the main author of the Constitution? James Madison
What is the Preamble The introduction to the Constitution, that states what is wrong with the old government and how they will change it to be better
What does the word "bicameral" mean? Having 2 branches of congress
What is the primary role of the Legislative Branch? To make laws
What is the primary role of the Executive Branch? To carry out laws
What is the primary role of the Judicial Branch? To follow the Constitution through Supreme Court cases
What are the requirements to be a member of the House of Representatives? You must have been a citizen for 7 years and must be over 25
What are the requirements to be a Senator? You must have been a citizen for 9 years and must be over 30
What are the requirements to be President? You must have been born in the US and must be over 35
What are the powers of the President? To be Commander in Chief of the armed forces, to enforce laws, and to approve or veto laws
What are the powers of Congress? To make laws and to collect taxes
How long is a member of the House of Representative's term? 2 years
How long is a Senator's term? 6 years
How long is the President's term? 4 years
How many Supreme Court Justices are there? 9
How long is a Supreme Court Justice's term? for life, but many resign
What is the main job of the Supreme Court? To interpret the laws
Why are Supreme Court Justice's terms so long? To avoid the pressure of getting re-elected because of an unpopular decision
Who is the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court? John G. Roberts
What are the 3 levels of the federal court system? US District Courts Court of Appeals Supreme Court
What does the word "Appeal" mean? apply to a higher court for a reversal of the decision of a lower court.
What part of government has to approve all Supreme Court Justices? Senate
What is "Judicial Review"? the power of the Supreme Court to rule laws Unconstitutional
What does the 1st amendment protect? Freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and petition
What does the 2nd amendment protect? The right to bear arms/own guns
What does the 3rd amendment protect? restricts soldiers from quartering in your home/property
What does the 4th amendment protect? unreasonable searches and seizures
The 5th, 6th, and 7th amendments protect your rights in... Court
What does the 8th amendment protect? no cruel or reasonable or unusual punishments
What does the 9th amendment protect? rights of the people that are not specified by the Constitution
What type of government does the 10th amendment protect? State government
What is the Bill of Rights? A document stating the first 10 amendments to the Constitution
Who is the president of the US? Barack Obama
Who is the vice president of the US? Joe Biden
Who represents MA in the US Senate? Ed Markey and Elizabeth Warren
Who represents Wellesley (district 4) in the House of Representatives? Joseph Kennedy
Who is the governor of MA? Deval Patrick
What are the 2 ways to amend the Constitution? 2/3 majority vote from both houses of Congress and approval from 3/4 of the states
What does it mean to "amend" the Constitution? to make changes
What are the 3 levels of government in the US (hint: our President is the Chief Executive of one of the levels)? federal, state, and local
The 1st amendment protects freedom of speech unless... it will cause clear, and present danger
What is another name for the Executive Departments? cabinet
What is the main job of the Executive Departments? to advise the president
What does the Department of Defense oversee/in charge of? military
What does the State Department oversee? foreign affairs
What does the Treasury Department oversee? taxes/money
What does the Department of Interior oversee? natural resources (that are owned by the government)
What does the Department of Homeland Security oversee? protects against terrorists
What does the Department of Justice oversee? crime and the federal court system
Explain Congress's Commerce Clause The clause that say Congress has the power to regulate trade with other states, foreign countries, or Native American tribes
Explain Congress's Elastic Clause The clause that says Congress has the power to make all laws that are necessary and proper
What is Federalism? Is a type of government where the territory is controlled by 2 levels of government/congress
What is the President in charge of a Commander in Chief Controls the federal armed forces
What is the President in charge of as Chief Diplomat? decides the diplomats and ambassadors
What is the President in charge of as Chief Economic Adviser? manages the money and the economy
What is Double Jeopardy and what amendment protects against it? Double Jeopardy is when you get punished twice for the same crime. It is protected by the 5th Amendment
What does it mean to plead the 5th? to refuse to speak words of self-incrimination
What is eminent domain? the power of the Government to TAKE private property and convert it in to public property
Created by: 19carrs