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Pharmacology

Pharmacology 41 AD/HD

QuestionAnswer
Pay too much attention to too many things, leading them to have a little focus rather than having too little attention. AD/HD Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder 448
Which is indicated only for the treatment of AD/HD. Increases extracellular concentrations of norepinephrine. Atomoxetine 448
Precise mechanism for efficacy in AD/HD is unknown. True or False? True 448
Used occasionally in children who have failed to respond to other therapy. Antidepressants 448
A CNS analeptic, used to treat excessive sleepiness associated w narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work sleep disorder in adults. Modafinil 448
A drug that acts as a stimulant to the CNS. Caffeine is the most common. Analeptic 448
Commonly used drug similar to amphetamines but has less abuse potential although it is a Schedule II drug. Methylphenidate 448
Estimated _____ of children w AD/HD have at least one other comorbid conditions such as depression, conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, Tourette's syndrome, or a learning disability 65% 448
What are the three types of AD/HD? 1)attentional 2)hyperactive/impulsive 3)combined, combo of attentional & hyperactive 449
Fidget, cannot wait their turn, interrupt others, act as if driven by a motor, talk incessantly, have difficulty enjoying quiet leisure activities, and act impulsively. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type 449
Mild cortical stimulant for AD/HD. Similar to amphetamines. Inhibits reuptake of both norepinehrine and dopamine in the cerebral cortex. Methylphenidate 450
Sympathominmetic amines w CNS stimulant activity. Amphetamines 450
Lisdexamfetamine is a _______ of dextroamphetamine. Prodrug 450
A methylxanthine produces cardiac stimulation, dilation of coronary and peripheral blood vessesls, constriction of cerebral blood vesses, skeletal muscle stimulation, augmentation of gastric acid, diuretic, tachycardia, PVCs. CAFFEINE 450
The first line of treatmemt for HD/AD is ________. Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Daytrana) 450
Alternate therapies include antioxidants, vitamin & mineral preparations; copper, zinc, selenium & B vitamins, herbal extracts, Valerian root, kava kava, ginkgo, biloba, and Pychnogenol (pine bark extract) have been used. AD/HD Safety and efficacy of herbal extracts remain unknown. 452
Created by: mareed3