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Ch.9 Respiratory rx

Pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Two types of pulmonary diseases Asthma and COPD
A reversible lung disease with intermittent attacks in which inspiration is obstructed Asthma
The three most commonly classified types of asthma Allergic, exercise induced, and nonallergic
A device used to measure peak expiratory flow rate as an indication of respiratory status. It is the most useful means of assessing the severity of asthma. Peak flow meter
A medical emergency that begins as an asthma attack but doesn't respond to normal management Status asthmaticus
A device that delivers a specific amount of medication in a fine enough spray to reach the innermost parts of the lungs using a puff of compressed gas Metered dose inhaler (MDI)
A device used with an MDI to decrease the amount of spray deposited on the back of the throat and swallowed Spacer
A device used in the administration of inhaled medications using air flowing past a liquid to create a mist Nebulizer
This drug class is contraindicated in patients with asthma because it can constrict the bronchial tubes Beta blockers
Many people with asthma won't use these for fear of potential side effects Corticosteroids
An irreversible lung disease characterized by destruction of the alveoli in the lungs which allows air to accumulate in tissues and organs Emphysema
These two respiratory diseases sometimes occur together Emphysema and chronic bronchitis
The best protection against lung disease Not smoking
A hereditary disorder that involves widespread dysfunction of the gastrointestinal and pulmonary systems Cystic fibrosis
A syndrome occurring in newborns that is characterized by acute asphyxia with hypoxia and acidosis Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
The drug of choice for RDS. It is derived from cattle lung. Survanta (Beractant)
Tuberculosis can sometimes take this long to develop from the time of exposure As long as 20 years
The most prevalent form of respiratory tract infection The common cold
An agent that suppresses coughing Antitussive
A respiratory tract infection caused by a fungus most often found in accumulated droppings from birds and bats. It is often called the summer flu. Histoplasmosis
This drug is considered the "gold standard" against which the efficacy of other antitussive therapies is measured Codeine
This antitussive medication is very popular and often a "drug of abuse". It is a schedule II. Tussionex
The most commonly used OTC expectorant Guaifenesin
An agent that causes the mucous membranes to shrink, thereby allowing the sinus cavities to drain Decongestants
This decongestant has a strong abuse potential because it can be made into meth Pseudoephedrine
The addictive component of tobacco Nicotine
The antihistamine contained in most OTC sleeping pills Diphenhydramine
The generic for Tussionex hydrocodone/chlorpheniramine
The generic for Chantix varenicline
The generic for ProAir albuterol
The generic for Flonase fluticasone
The generic for Spiriva tiotropium
The brand for benzonatate Tessalon Perles
The brand name for ipratropium Atrovent
The brand name for ipratropium/albuterol Combivent
Created by: sarakiefer