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PT 101

Vocab 3 (Term)

TermDefinition
admixture is a substance produced by mixing two or more substances
aerosol is a medication dosage form that contains a gaseous substance consisting of fine liquid or solid particles
amphetamines substances that are frequently abused as a stimulant medication: they can be used to treat the medical conditions of narcolepsy and eating disorders
anticholinergic refers to a substance that inhibits hypersecretion and G.I motility
antiemetic relieves nausea and vomiting
antispasmodic relieves stomach muscle spasms
arrhythmia is an irregular heartbeat
arteriosclerosis is a condition characterized by thickening and hardening of the arteries
benzodiazephine is a substance used to treat anxiety disorders
compound refers to substances made from a combination of two or more substances
congestive heart failure (CHF) is a potentially fatal condition of the cardiovascular system wherein the heart has lost its ability to pump blood in and out
corticosteroid are substances used to prevent minor asthma attacks or to treat severe attacks
dementia is a disease characterized by progressive memory loss as well as learning and thinking disorders; often leads to Alzheimer's disease
edema refers to the abnormal swelling of the body, caused by an increased build-up of fluids in tissues and organs
effervescent tablet is a tablet that is dissolved into liquid before administration
electrolytes are salts that the body requires in its fluids that are essential in nerve, muscles, and heart functions
emphysema is a irreversible disease (characterized by long-term smoking) in which there has been severe damage to the alveoli (tiny air sacs) in the lungs, resulting in a decrease in the exchange of gases; symptoms are wheezing, coughing, shortness if breath,
emulsion is a liquid dosage form of a mixture of two products that normally do not mix together
half-life defines the amount of time it takes for half of a substance to be broken down in the body and excreted
hemorrhage refers to severe, uncontrollable bleeding (can be external or internal)
histamine (H2) blocker reduces acid secretion by blocking histamine from reaching h2 receptor
homeostasis a relative constancy in the internal environment of the body, naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival
hyperlipidemia refers to high cholesterol
hypnotic refers to a substance that relaxes the central nervous system to produce sleep
inactive ingredients are the remaining ingredients, other than the active ingredients, that are found in a drug; used to flavor, digest, color, and bind the whole substance
inflammation is any redness, swelling, pain, or heat in the body tissue(s) caused by physical injury, infection, or irritation
liniment are medications that are applied to the skin with friction and rubbing. liniments can be solutions, suspensions, or emulsions
lotion is a liquid dosage form that contains a powdered substance in a suspension, used externally to soothe, cool, dry, and protect
metabolism is defined as the physical and chemical processes of the body that converts consumed food into energy for use by the tissues and organs
muscle relaxant are used to treat involuntary, painful contraction of muscles by slowing the passage of nerve signals that cause pain to the muscles
non-steroidal anti- inflammatory angents are substances that inhibit the production of the enzymes necessary for the synthesis or prostaglandins, reducing pain and inflammation
osteoporosis is a medical disease characterize by loss in total bone density; it can be the result of calcium deficiency, menopause, certain endocrine diseases, advance age, medication ,or by other risk factors
otic the administration of medication into the ear
parenteral the administration of medication by any other route than oral: administration by injections
pathogen is a microorganism (bacteria or virus) that causes disease
proton pump inhibitors are substances that reduce gastric acid build up by blocking the release of protons by proton pumps
solution is a liquid dosage form in which the medication is completely dissolved in a liquid
stimulant are a class of medications that are intended to increase alertness and physical activity
systemic refers to the whole body
tolerance is the condition in which the body has become unresponsive to a substance after prolong exposure
Created by: cici008