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Final Exam Review 3

Chapter 3 Vocabulary

Climate usual predictable pattern of weather over a long period of time
Current moving streams of water in the world's oceans; affects climate
Drought long periods of extreme and water shortage
High-Altitude Climate cold climates lies from 60 degrees north to the Northpole and from 60 degrees south to the South Pole
Highland Climates cool or cold climate that varies with elevation (like high up in the mountains)
Tropical Climate warm year extends from the equator to the Tropic of Cancer (23 1/2 degrees north) and from the equator to the Tropic of Capricorn ( 23 1/2 degrees south)
Mid-Atlantic Climate temperate climates (think seasons) extends from 231/2degrees north to 60 degrees
Hurricane violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall
Prevailing Wind movements of air that travel around the earth in a typical pattern
El Nino caused by the combination of temperature wind and water formed when cold winds from the north are weak pacific ocean gets warmer occurs every 3 years
La Nina eastern winds become strong and the oppisite of El Nino occurs-Pacific Oceans get cooler
Dry Climate dry to partially dry areas with liitle to no rains; temperatures can range from very cold to very hot
Typhoon named for a hurricane in Asia
Tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; sometimes forms from a thunderstorm
Tropics low latitude region between the Tropics of Cancer and The Tropic of Capricorn
Monsoon seasonal wind that blows over a continent for a long period of time
Weather unpredictable changes in the air that takes place in a short period of time
Created by: ervinbogan17