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Drugs

TermDefinition
Anticonvulsants Reduces seizures by reducing the excitability of the brains neurons.
Anitdiabetics Do not cure, treats the disease and the symptoms.
Antiemetics Blocks receptors in the chemo trigger zone reducing emesis.
Drugs Any substance that can be used to modify a chemical process or processes in the body.
Placebo A sugar pill created to look like a real medication.
Sublingual Nitroglycerin Does not require a child proof container.
Penicillin The most important drug.
Lanoxin and Lasix Breakthough drugs for the heart.
Anti Virals Inhibits a step in the viral replication process.
Anti Hypertensives Lowers blood pressure.
Anti Infectives Kills or inhibits an infection causing bacteria from spreading.
Anti Parkinsons Disease Increases dopamine levels.
Corticosteroids Aint Inflammatory.
Gastrointestinal Effects the GI tract.
Cardiac The heart.
Hematologic Agents Effects blood coagulation, thinning and reproduction.
Psychotropics Agents Treats behavior, psychotic state and sleep.
Dilantin An anticonvulsant that reduces seizures by reducing the excitability of the brains neurons.
Insulin An antidiabetic that replaces insulin not created by the pancreas.
Dymelor A sulfonylurea that increases insulin.
Glucophage A biguanide that decreases absorption of glucose and glucose output.
Troglitazone A thaizolidinedione that lowers blood glucose by increasing insulin sensitivity.
Antiemetics Blocks receptors in the chemo trigger zone, reducing emesis.
Reglan A dopamine antagonist that blocks dopamine receptors.
Kytril A seronin antagonist that blocks serotonin receptors.
Colchicine A drug used for Gout. (C)
Zyloprim A drug used for Gout. (Z)
Valtrex An aint-viral that inhibits a step in the viral replication process.
Inderal A beta blocker that lowers cardiac output.
Cardura An alpha blocker that lowers cardiac output.
Diuril A thiazide that reduces sodium and chloride.
Lasix A loop that works faster than thiazides.
Vasotec An angiotensin - converting enyzme inhibitor that relaxes the blood vessels.
Procardia A calcium channel blocker that blocks calcium and causes vasodilation.
Amoxil A bactericidal penicillin which kills infection causing bacteria.
Keflex First Generation of cephalosporins.
Cefotan Second Generation of cephalosporins.
Vantin Third Generation of cephalosporins.
Maxipime Fourth Generation of cephalosporins.
Teflaro Fifth Generation of cephalosporins.
Azoctam A monobactam anti- infective that treats severe infections.
Vancocin A glycopeptide antibiotic, anti-infective that treats intestinal infections that cause colitis.
Garamycin A aminoglycoside anti- infective that is bactericidal against gram negitive and gram positive microorganisms.
Zithromax A macrolide anti - infective that is bacteriostatic against microorganisms.
Tygacil A tetacycline anti - infective that is bacteriostatic unless in high concentrations, that is effective against gram negitive and gram positive microorganisms.
Bactrim A sulfonamide anti - infective that interfers with bacterial synthesis.
Levaquin A quinolones / fluoraquinolone anti - infective that treats UTIs.
INH A antituberculosis agaent used to treat tuberculosis.
Nystatin Treats fungal infections.
Diflucan A -azole that treats funagl and yeast infections.
L- Dopa An anti - parkinsons disease drug that increases dopamine levels.
Solu - Cortef A corticosteroid for anti - inflammatory.
Zantac A histamine (H2) receptor antagonist that competes with histamines for binding sites in the GI track.
Lomotil A anti - diarrheal used to reduce diarrhea.
Maalox An antacid that reduces stomach acid.
Anti- Anginals Increases cardiac blood flow to increase oxygen to reduce the workload of the heart, reducing the need for oxygen.
Imdur A nitrate, anti- anginal.
Cardizem A calcium channel blocker, anti- anginal.
Pronestyl A antiarrhythmics, anti- anginal.
Adrenalin A vasopressor also known as inotropes that increase the force of cardiac contraction.
Lanoxin A glycoside that increasses the force of heart contractions to decrease heart rate.
Camadin An anti- coagulation agent that blocks blood clots from forming.
Amicar A hemostatic agent that treats or prevents excessive bleeding.
Thyroid USP A thyroid hormone/ hypothyroid agent that decreases cholesterol, stimulates the heart and increases metabolism.
Tapazole A hyperthyroid agent that blocks the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
Fosamax Bone disorder agent that treats osteoporosis.
Estrogen A bone disorder agent that treats osteoporosis.
Soma Compound A skeletal muscle relaxant that reduces pain with sedative properties.
Pilocar An anti- glaucoma agent ophthalmic drug that lowers pressure in the eye.
Tylenol A analgesic agent that blocks and reduces pain but not the cause.
Motrin A nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drug.
MS Contin An opiod used for pain.
Zomig An anti- migraine drug used to treat existing migraines.
Imitrex An anti- migraine drug used to treat existing migraines. (I)
Anti- Depressants Treats the symptoms of depression.
Nardil A monoamine oxidase inhibitor that enhances serotonin, epinephrine and norepinephrine.
Elavil A tricyclic antidepressant that sedates.
Zoloft A selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor that treats major depression, alcohol dependence, anorexia, and obesity.
Effexor A selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor that treats major depression, alcohol dependence, anorexia, and obesity.
Valium A benzodiazepine that are muscle relaxants, sedatives and anticonvulsants.
Ativan A benzodiazepine that are muscle relaxants, sedatives and anticonvulsants. (A)
Proventil A bronchodilator that decongests the bronchiole tubes.
Azmacort A corticosteroid that reduces inflammation in asthma patients.
Benadryl An anti- histamine that prevents allergic reactions.
Sudafed A decongestant that increases drainage and reduces mucous membranes.
Delsym An anti- tussive that suppress cough.
Robitussin A expectorant that decreases thickness of phlegm in the lungs.
Anti- Hyperlipidemics Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides.
Lipitor HMG Co-A Reductase inhibitors that prevent cholestrol from being synthesized. (L)
Crestor HMG Co-A Reductase inhibitors that prevent cholestrol from being synthesized. (C)
Tricor Fibric Acid derivatives that lower triglycerides and elevate HDL. (T)
Lopid Fibric Acid derivatives that lower triglycerides and elevate HDL. (L)
Created by: haileyxbailey21