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Critical Thinking - Argumentation 2 - Definitions

Conclusion A claim for which some evidence is presented.
Premise A claim which is part of a reason or objection.
Rebuttal An objection to an objection.
Knowledge A justified true belief.
Rejoinder An objection to a reason.
Proposition A statement that asserts something is true or false.
Epistemology The theory of knowledge.
Conversational Implicature The information that is explicitly conveyed in a particular conversational context, distinct from the literal meaning of the statement.
Hidden Premise A co-premise which is not actually stated when an argument is presented.
Inference Objection An objection to another simple argument providing evidence not against any stated premise but against the relationship between the stated premises and their contention.
Holding Hands Rule Every significant word, phrase, or concept appearing in the premise of a simple argument but not in the contention must also appear in some other premise of the simple argument.
No Dangers Rule Every significant word, phrase or concept appearing in one claim (contention or premise) of a simple argument must also appear in another claim.
Pyramid Rule More general or abstract considerations should appear higher in the argument tree, and considerations at the same level of the tree should be at roughly the same level of generality or abstraction.
Rabbit Rule Every significant word, phrase, or concept appearing in the contention of a simple argument must also appear in one of the premises.
Created by: Yozicat
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