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Energy Unit

TermDefinition
energy the ability to do work or cause change
kinetic energy the energy an object has due to its motion
potential energy stored energy that results from position or shape of an object
gravitational potential enery potential energy related to an object's height
elastic potential energy potential energy associated with objects that can be stretched or compressed
mechanical energy the form of energy related to the position and motion of an object
thermal energy total potential and kinetic energy of the particles in an object
electrical energy the energy of electric charges
chemical energy potential energy stored in the chemical bonds that hold compounds together
electromagnetic energy energy that travels in waves and has both electrical and magnetic properties
nuclear energy energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
energy transformation a change from one form of energy to another
law of conservation of energy states that when one form of energy is changed into another, no energy is destroyed in the process
matter anything that has mass and takes up space
temperature the measure of the average kinetic energy of the individual particles of matter
absolute zero the temperature at which no more energy can be removed
heat thermal energy that is transferred from matter at a higher temperate to matter at a lower temperature
specific heat the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 kg of material by 1 degree kelvin
conduction heat transfer between particles of matter that are touching
convection heat transfer by movements of currents within a fluid
convection current the flow that transfers heat within a fluid
radiation the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
thermal expansion the expanding of matter when it is heated
Created by: shaynedix