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geo. final review

chapters 2&3 unit 1

Bay a part of a large body of water that extends into the shoreline
Channel a wide straight or waterway between two landmasses tha vlie close to each other
Climate usual predicatble pattern of weather over a long period of time
Current movingstreams of water in the world's oceans; affects climate
Drought long periods of extreme dryness and water shortage
Elevation the height above sea level
Landform ndividual features of the land
Gulf a part of a large body of water that extend inland; larger than a bay
Harbor a sheltered place along a sholreline where ships can anchor safely
Hurricane violent tropical storm with high winds and heavy rainfall
Island land completely surrounded byb water
Lake a sizeable inland body of water
High-Latitude Climate cold climate lies from 60 degrees north to the North pole and from 60 degrees south to the South pole
Highland Climate cool or cold climate that varies with elevation ( like high pu in the mountains)
Tropical Climate warm year round extendes from th e equator to the tropic of cancer (23 1/2 degrees north) and from the equator to the tropic of capricorn (23 1/2 degrees south)
Mid-Latitude Climate temperate climate (think seasons) extend from 23 1/2 degrees north to 60 degrees north and from 23 1/2 degrees south to 60 degrees south
Prevailing Wind the movements of air that travel around the earth in typical pattern
El Nino caused by the combination of temperature wind and water
La Nina formed when cold winds from the north are weak. Pacific ocean gets warmer , occurs every 3 years
Dry Climate dry to partially dry areas with little to no rain; temperatures can range from very cold to very hot
Typhoon a name for a hurricane in asia
Tornado funnel-shaped windstorm; sometines forms during a thunderstorm
Mountain land with steep sides that rise sharply (1,000 ft or more) from surrounding land
Monuntain Range a series of connected mountains
Monsoon seasonal wind that blows over a continet for a long period of time
Weather un preictable changes in the air that take place in a short period of time
Peninsula a body of land jutting out into a lake or an ocean surrounded on three sides by water
Plain an area of low land elevation; covered with grass
Plateau a flat of rolling land at high elevation usually 300-3,000 ft high
Physical Feature the characteristics of a place-naturally occurring like landforms, climate, and resources
River a large natural streams of water that runs through land
Sea a large body of water partially of competely surrounded by land
Strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
Ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
Volcano a mountain created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
Vally an area of lowland between hills and mountains
Created by: zianne1007