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vertebral column

merrills ch 8

QuestionAnswer
which two vertebral curvatures are anteriorly concave?
which two vertebral curves are kyphotic curves?
which two vertebral curves are primary curves?
which spinal condition involves an excessive dorsal curvature of the thoracic vertebral column?
which abnormal spinal condition involves any lateral curvature of the vertebral column?
what is the name of the short, thick bony process that project posteriorly from the lateral and superior aspects of vertebral bodies of typical vertebrae
from the junction of which two vertebral structures do transverse processes originate in typical vertebrae?
which vertebral structures unite at the origin of the spinous process of a typical vertebra?
which structures of a typical vertebra are the zygapophyses?
on which structure is the dens located?
which structure is known as the "atlas'?
which structure is known as the "axis"?
on which structure is the dens located?
which cervical vertebral structures are perforated with a foramen for the passage of the vertebral artery and vein?
which vertebral structures have bifid tips?
with reference to the midsaggital plane, how do zygapophyseal joints open in cervical vertebrae?
with reference to the midsaggital plane, how do zygapophyseal joints open in thoracic vertebrae?
thoracic vertebrae differ from cervical anhd lumbar vertebrae because thoracic vertebrae have:
which structures articulate with vertebral demifacets?
with reference to the midsaggital plane, how do zygapophyseal joints open in lumbar vertebrae?
lumbar vertebrae differ from cervical and thoracic vertebrae because lumbar vertebrae have:
which part of the sacrum form the joints with the ilia of the pelvis?
the AP projection that demonstrates the dens using the Fuchs method differs from the AP projection (open mouth) because the Fuchs method:
the radiographer should NOT use the Fuchs method to obtain an AP projection of the dens if the patient is:
which projection of the cervical vertebrae demonstrates the dens imaged within the foramen magnum?
which cervical structures are best demonstrated with the AP projection (open mouth)
how should the central ray be directed for the AP projection (open mouth)
how and where should the central ray be directed for the AP axial projection of the cervical vertebral column?
how should the IR be positioned for the AP axial projection of the cervical vertebral column?
for which projection of the cervical vertebrae should the central ray be angled 15-20 degrees cephalad?
which evaluation criterion does not apply to the AP axial projection of the cervical vertebral column?
which projection of the cervical vertebral column requires a 72' SID?
which maneuver should be used to help obtain maximum depression of the shoulders in the lateral projection of the cervical vertebral column?
what should be done so that the magnified shoulder farthest from the IR is projected below the lower cervical vertebrae for the lateral projection of the cervical vertebrae?
what should be done to prevent mandibular rami from superimposing cervical vertebrae in the lateral projection of the cervical vertebral column?
what should be done to reduce the magnification caused by the increase object to image distance in the lateral projection of the cervical vertebrae?
what is the recommended size of the collimated field for the lateral projection of the cervical vertebrae?
which projections of the cervical vertebrae demonstrates the spinous processes elevated and widely separated?
which projection of the cervical vertebrae demonstrates the spinous processes depressed and in close approximation?
which projection of the cervical vertebrae must be exposed with a horizontal and perpendicular central ray?
how should the central ray be directed for an AP axial oblique projection of the cervical vertebral column?
which projection of the cervical vertebral column best demonstrates the intervertebral foramina?
which position of the cervical vertebral column best demonstrates the left intervertebral foramina when the central ray is angled 15 to 20 degrees cephalad?
which position of the cervical vertebral column best demonstrates the right intervertebral foramina when the CR is angled 15-20 degrees caudad
how many degrees from supine or the anatomic position should the entire body be rotated for the AP
Created by: jhill106