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PT 101

Vocab 2

TermDefinition
Angina condition characterized by the attack of chest pain caused by insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart
Anticonvulsant refers to a substance that stops brain nerve firing to suppress convulsive seizures
Antineoplastic substances that used to kill cancer cells
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is a mental disorder characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of attention, concentration activity distractibility, impulsivity
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder characterized by constant impulsive behavior, difficulty in concentration, and hyperactivity that decreases social, academic, or occupational functioning.
Bronchodilator is a substance that relaxes the bronchial smooth muscles in the respiratory system
Compound refers to substances made from a combination of two or more substances
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a potentially fatal condition of the cardiovascular system wherein the heart has lost its ability to pump blood in and out
Cream is a dosage form of a medication that is a semisolid preparation, usually applied externally to soothe, lubricate, or protect
Diagnosis is a process by which a health care professional (doctor, nurse, or technician) determines the patients condition or disease, following tests and examinations
Distribution is the process following absorption by which a drug is passed to the cells of various organs
Excretion is the process by which the body eliminates waste after metabolism and distribution
Indication refers to the use of a drug for treating a particular disease (e.g. insulin is used to treat diabetes
Intradermal within the dermis
Intramuscular the administration of a medication within or into a muscle
Intranasal medications administered through being inhaled through the nose and then being absorbed into the bloodstream
Intravenous the administration of a medication within or into the veins
Local refers to a small area or single part of the body (e.g. local anesthetic)
Narcotic is a drug that is potentially highly abused as a pain reliever, causing dependency and tolerance
Nausea is a feeling of sickness to the stomach, usually accompanied by the urge to vomit
Ointment its a semisolid (mixture of a liquid and solid) dosage form that is applied externally to deliver medication, lubricate
Opthalmic the administration of medication through the eye
Oral the administration of medication through mouth
Patch is a dosage form in which the medication is delivered through a solid application applied to the skin and absorbed into the bloodstream
Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their effects on the body
Rectally the administration of a solid or liquid medication given through the rectum
Sedative relieves anxiety and tension; calm relaxes
Side Effects are predicted, unwanted reactions to a substances or combination of substances
Spasm its an involuntary muscle contraction
Subcutaneous beneath the skin
Sublingual Tablet a tablet that is dissolved under the tongue instead of being swallowed whole
Suppository denotes the administration through the vagina or rectum of a solid medication
Suspension is a liquid dosage form in which the solid particles are not completely dissolved
Syrup is a liquid form that consists of water and sugar mixed with the medication
Tablet is a solid dosage form in which the ingredients are compacted into a small, formed shapes
Topical a substance used externally for relief of swelling itching, or infections
Transdermal administration of a medication through the skin (e.g. patches)
Vaginally administration of a solid or liquid medication through the vagina
Vasodilator is a substance that causes the blood vessels to widen
Virus is a very small infectious organism that requires a living cell to reproduce
Created by: cici008