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MCC Med Term Final

MCC Med Term Units 1 & 2

Origin of medical terminology Greek and Latin
Hippocrates Greek physician, Father of Medicine, est. early ethical standards
Aristotle diseases such as glaucoma, blindness, etc
Hellenistic age warlike descriptive terms (xiphoid = sword; thyroid = shield; thorax = breastplate)
Importance of understanding medical terminology interpretation of data, communication and functioning
epi upon, over
extra outside
hydro water
in not
macro large
ortho straight
per through
peri around
poly many
post after, behind
pre before
pro in front of, before
pseudo false
retro behind, backward
semi half
sub under, beneath
supra/super above, over, excess
sym/syn together
trans across
ultra beyond
uni one
a/an without
ab away
ad to, towards
ante front, before
anti against
bi two
co/con with, together, joined
contra opposite
dys/di bad, difficult
ecto outside
hemi half
infra below
inter between
intra within
dia through, across
endo within, inward
aden/o gland
angi/o vessel
anthema skin eruption (specified)
antr/o sinus, cavity
blast/o sprout, young cell
bronch/o windpipe, tube
burs/o sac
carc/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
chol/o gall, bile
chondr/o cartilage
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
cyst/o sac, bladder
cyt cell
dactyl/o finger, toe
enter/o intestine
gastr/o stomach
hem/o; hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
hyster/o womb, uterus
idio one's own
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
lith/o stone
lys/o dissolution
megal/o large
menin/o membrane
metr/o uterus
my/o muscle
myel/o marrow
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
oophor/o ovary
oste/o bone
path/o disease
pneum/o lung, air
pyel/o renal pelvis
py/o pus
radi/o ray
salping/o fallopian tube
scler/o hardening
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra
viscer/o viscera; organ
algia pain
cele hernia, protrusion
centesis surgical puncture
ectasis dilation
ectomy to cut out; surgically remove
emia blood condition
genesis beginning, origin
gram record/writing
graph instrument for recording
iasis abnormal condition
itis inflammation
malacia softening
oid like, resembling
oma tumor
osis increase, condition, morbid process
ostomy create an opening
penia deficiency, decrease
plasty surgical repair
ptosis to droop; falling
rrhagia sudden flow
rrhaphy suture
rrhexis rupture
scopy visual examination (with instrument)
Created by: RoPray