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Cultural Goeography

Cultural Geography ch 2

Agricultural revolution The time when human begins first domesticated plans and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering.
Agricultural density The ratio of the numbher of garmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
Vernacular region (or perceptual region) ? An area that people believe exsists as part of their cultural identity.
Uneven Development The increasing gap in economic conditions between core and perpheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy.
Crude death rate (CDR) The total number of deaths in a year for every 1,000 people alive in the society.
Crude birth rate (CBR) The total number of live births in a year for every 1,000 people in the society.
Census A complete enumeration of a population.
Arithmetic Density The total number of people divided by the total land area.
Doubling time The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
Dependency ratio The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64, compared to the nuber of people active in the labor force.
Demography The scientific study of population characteristics.
Demographic transition The process of change in society's population from a condition of high crude birth and death rates and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low crude birth and death rates, low rate of natural increase, and higher total population.
Industrial Revolution A series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods.
Epidemiology The branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and contr5ol of diseases that affect large numbers of people.
Epidemiological transition Distinctive causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition.
Ecumene The portion of earth's surface occupied by the permanent human settlement.
Natural increase rate (NIR) The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
Medical revolution Medical technology invented in Europe and north America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries;
Life Expectancy The average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a newborn infant can expect to live.
Infant mortality rate (IMR) The total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1,000 live births in a society.
population pyramid A bar graph representing the didtribution of population by age and sex.
Physiological density The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture.
Pandemic Disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population.
Overpopulation The number of people in an area exceeding the capacity of the environment to suport life at a decent standard of living.
Brain drain Large-scale emigration by talented people.
Zero population growth (ZPG) A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
Total fertility rate (TFR) The average number of children a woman will have throughout her childbearing years.
Sex ratio The number of males per 100 females in the population.
Created by: nicoleburnett