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the atom

unit 3 lesson 1 and 2

QuestionAnswer
atom an element that conducts heat and electricity poorly
electron a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
nucleus in physical science an atoms central region which is made up of protons and neutrons
proton a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and that is located in the nucleus of an atom; the number which determines the identity of an element
neutron a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is located in the nucleus of an atom
electron cloud a region around the nucleolus of an atom where electrons are likely to be found
atomic number the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
mass number the sum of numbers of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom
periodic table an arrangement of the elements in order of their atomic numbers such that elements with similar properties fall in the same column, or group
chemical symbol a one two or three letter abbreviation of the name of an element
average atomic mass the weighted average of masses of all natural occurring isotopes of an element
metal an element that is shiny and that conducts heat and electricity well
nonmetal an element that conducts heat and electricity poorly
metalloid an element that has properties of both metals and nonmetals
group a vertical column of elements in the periodic table; elements in a group share chemical properties
period in chemistry a horizontal row of elements in the periodic table
Created by: 18kellera1027