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MCC Med Term Final

MCC Med Term Unit 5 & 6

KUB abdominal study showing the kidneys, ureters and bladder
upright view of the abdomen image with patient standing in AP position to demonstrate air-fluid levels, or free-air under the diaphragm
decubitus view image with patient lying on R or L side to demonstrate free-air or air-fluid levels in chest or abdomen
abdominal arteriography imaging of the arteries, or arterial system of the abdomen (IV contrast)
aortography imaging of the aorta after introduction of contrast
renal arteriogram imaging of the arterial system of the kidneys
pelvimetry measurement of the capacity and diameter of the pelvis (was done immediately prior to childbirth - not done much in past 20 yrs due to ultrasound)
hysterosalpingography imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after intrauterine injection of contrast
lumbar relating to lumbar region; 5 vertebrae directly below the thoracic
sacrum triangular bone at the base of the spine formed by 5 fused vertebrae
coccyx small bone caudal to the sacrum formed by the union of 4 rudimentary vertebrae
peritoneum serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera.
diaphragm dome shaped musculofibrous partition separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities
psoas muscle triangular shaped muscle lateral to the lumbar vertebrae
abdominal cavity the space within the abdominal walls between the diaphragm and the pelvic area containing the abdominal organs
abdominal organs liver, stomach, intestines, spleen, gall bladder, kidney and associated tissues, blood and lymph vessels
aneurysm localized abnormal dilation of a wall of a blood vessel
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
fecalith a hard, impacted mass of feces in the colon
pneumoperitoneum free air in the abdominal cavity
calcification deposits of calcium salts in a tissue, seen as opaque on the x-ray image
megacolon abnormal dilation of the colon (enlarged colon)
free-air abnormal amount of air in the abdominal cavity (usually perforated bowel)
obstruction abnormal blockage of the intestinal or urinary tract
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
renal calculus kidney stone (formation of calcium in the renal pelvis)
ureteral calculus a renal calculus that has migrated into the ureter (usually causing a painful obstruction)
abdominal distention abdomen in the state of enlargement or distension (swollen)
abdominal paracentesis the surgical puncturing of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid for diagnosis or treatment
anatomy study of body structure
physiology study of normal body function
pathology study of changes in structure and function produced by disease
embryology study of the development of the body from reproductive cells
histology microscopic study of the minute structure, composition and function of normal cells
biology study of all forms of life
pediatrics branch of medicine dealing with children's growth, development and disorders
gynecology branch of medicine dealing with diseases of the female reproductive organs
obstetrics branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy and childbirth
surgery branch of medicine which treats injuries, deformities and diseases by operative methods
radiology branch of medicine concerned with radioactive substances and with the diagnosis and treatment of disease by visualizing any of the various sources of radiant energy
urology branch of medicine dealing with the female urinary and the male genitourinary system
cardiology branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its function
ophthalmology branch of medicine concerned with the study of the physiology, anatomy and pathology of the eye, and the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye
otology branch of medicine dealing with diagnosis, treatment and other disorders of the ear
otolaryngology branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diaseases and disorders of the ears, nose, throat and adjacent structures of the head and neck
dermatology branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases
endocrinology branch of medicine concerned with the glands of internal secretion (endocrine)
internal medicine branch of medicine dealing with diagnosis and medical treatment of diseases and disorders within the internal structures of the body
physical medicine branch of medicine using physical means in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Includes the use of heat, cold, light, water, electricity, manipulation, massage, exercise and mechanical devices
psychiatry branch of medicine dealing with the causes, treatment, and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders
geriatrics branch of medicine devoted to the medical problems and care of the elderly
Created by: RoPray