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PSY 401

Freud & Psychoanalytic Theories

Describe Sigmund Freud's professional career. Influenced by Ernst Brucke and Joseph Breuer. Also did studies with cocaine and opened a private practice in Vienna.
Who is Ernst Brucke? A professor of Freud's. He rejected vitalism (something special about life vs. non-life organisms), and was considered a mechanist (ability to explain anything by mechanics). Freud worked in his lab studying the nervous system of eels.
Who was Joseph Breuer? He set the roots for psychoanalysis with his treatment of Anna O's hysteria. He suggested the cathartic method and pathogenic ideas.
What are pathogenic ideas? Thoughts that create physical disorders.
What is the Cathartic method? Treatment through conscious expression of pathogenic ideas (transference & countertransference).
Freud had a private practice in Vienna in which he employed various Cathartic treatments. What are they? ~Resistance: patient ceases talking upon traumatic memory. ~Pressure techniques: press upon forehead at moment of resistance. ~Free Association: Patient reports everything that comes to mind after Freud asks a question (thought coke->free association).
Describe Freud's Role of unconscious dynamics ~Conscious mind: immediate awareness. ~Preconscious mind: below the level of awareness. ~Unconscious mind: storehouse of traumatic memories, repressed from the conscious --> what Freud thought we should be studying.
Freud's Iceberg Model Conscious self is only 10 percent of the iceberg, what is important is under the water.
What is the Id? Irrational, unconscious energy. The Pleasure Principle is the force driving the Id, which says that we instinctively seek pleasure & avoid pain in order to satisfy biological and psychological needs.
What is the Ego? Rational mediator between demands of the Id and those of society. The Reality Principle is the driving force of the Ego. It is the ability of the mind to assess the reality of the external world, and to act upon it accordingly.
What is the Superego? Irrational agent pushing a person towards perfection. The driving force of the superego is the Morality Principle, which is the desire to reach societal expectation and norms in order to be perfect.
What is neurosis, according to Freud? Ego overpowered by either the Id or Superego.
What is one of Freud's suggested solutions from negative relationships? Societal withdrawal (spending time alone), intoxicants (using drugs for beneficial reasons. Smoking cigars or doing cocaine for depression). Doesn't recommend that it is the BEST way to relieve suffering, but it can.
Created by: cassidylm34