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world georg


sahel The region in Africa just south of the Sahara.
colonialism the system by which countries set up colonies to secure sources of raw materials and markets for their products
plateau An area of high, flat land.
escarpment a steep cliff that seperates two level areas of differing elevations
chaparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees, located in the warm lands near the Equator.
oral history History passed down by word of mouth.
nomadic herding The practice of moving flocks to different pastures throughout the year.
leaching The dissolving and washing away of nutrients in the soil.
land degradation Reduction in the productive potential of the land.
population density The average number of people living in a given area.
delta The land that forms at the mouth of some rivers by soil that is dropped as the river slows and enters the sea.
fellaheen Egyptian peasants (sing. fellah)
sandstorm A windstorm that blows hot air, dust, and grit.
bazar an open-air market a street with shops and stalls
basin irrigation in Egypt a system by which water and silt was controlled b embankments and time released to irrigate farmlands
reservior A natural or artificial lake used to collect water for human needs.
perennial irrigation An irrigation system that provides necessary water to the land throughout the year.
capital wealth in the form of money or property owned or used or used in business
wadi A usually dry riverbed or gully that temporarily holds water from a sudden downpour.
caravan a large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety
medina The old section of a North African city, usually centered around a mosque.
souk A market in an Arab community.
shifting agritculture The practice of farming a site until the soil is exhauseted, then moving on to a new site.
forage Food for grazing animals.
deforestation The process of stripping the land of its trees.
desrtification The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention.
refugee A person who flees his or her country to escape danger or unfair treatment.
landlocked Almost or entirely surrounded by land; cut off from the sea.
inland delta An area of lakes, creeks, and swamps away from the ocean.
coup The sudden overthrow of a ruler or government, often involving violent forve or the threat of force.
ancestor worship the belief that respecting and horoning ones ancestors will cause them to live on in the sprit world after death
animism the religious belief that such things as the sky, rivers, and trees contain gods or sprits
world Bank A agency of the United Nations that provides loans to countries for development projects.
international monetary fund A agency of the United Nations that provides loans to countries for development projects.
structural adjustment program A program to reform the struture of an economy.
water shed A dividing ridge between two basins.
mercenary A profesional soldier hired by a foregion country.
barter the exchange of goods without money
harambee A policy of cooperation adopted in Kenya after independence to encourage economic growth.
pyrethrum A pesticide produced from certain flowers.
malnutrition Disease caused by a lack of food or an unbalanced diet.
strategic value Importance of a lace or thing for nations planning military actions.
ethnocracy A system of government in which one ethinc group rules over others.
villagization A political movement without bloodshed, which took place in Czechoslovakia during the late 1980s.
apartheid formerly in the republic of south Africa, the policy of strict racial segregation
segregation The seperation of races
sanction A action taken by the internatoinal community to punish a country for unacceptable behaviors.
enclave A country completely surrounded bu another country.
white flight the departure of white people form a region.
land redistibution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts ad reditributed to those who have little or none.
Created by: austinbetteridge