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WGeo 14

Vocabulary chapters 24-27

Sahel The region in Africa just south of the Sahara
colonialism The system by which countries set up colonies to secure sources of raw material
Plateau an area of high flat land
escarpment A steep cliff that separates two areas of level elevation
chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates, small evergreen trees and low bushes or scrub
savanna A tropical grassland with scattered trees located in the warm lands near the Equator
oral history A history passed down by word of mouth
nomadic hearding The practice of moving flockes to different pastures throughout the year
leaching The dissolving and washing away of nutrients in the soil
landegredation Reduction in the productive potential of the land
population density The average number of people living in a given area
delta The land formed at the mouth of soom rievers
basin irrigation In egypt a system by which water and silt were controlled by embankments and timed reased to irrigate farmlands
reservoir A natural or artifical lake used to collect water for human needs
sand storm A windstorm that blows hot air dust and grit
perennial irrigation An irrigation system that provides necessary water to the land though out the year
bazaar An open air market; a street lined with shops and stalls
capital wealth in the form of money or property owned or used in business
wadi A unusually dry riverbed or gulley that holds water in case of a sudden downpoor
caravan A large group of merchants who join together to travel in safety
medina The old section of a North African city usually centered around a mosque
souk A market in an Arab community
fellaheen Egyptian pesants
shifting agriculture The practice of farming a site until the soil is exhausted
forage food for grazing animals
deforestation The process of stripping land for its trees
desertification The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention
refugee A person who flees his or her country to escape danger or unfair treatment
landlocked ALmost or entirely surrounded by land; cut off from the sea
inland delta An area of lakes creeks and swamps away from the ocean
coup The sudden overthrow of a ruler or government often involving violent force or the threat of force
ancestor worship The belief that respoect and honoring ones ancestor will cause them to live in the spirit world after death
animism The religious belief that such things as the sky rivers, and trees contain gods of spirits
WOrld bank International MOnetary Fund An agency fo the UN that provides loans to the countries for development
structural adjustment program A program to reform the structure of an economy
watershed A dividing ridge between two basins
mercenary A professional soldier hired by a foreign country
barter The exchange of goods without money
harambee A policy of cooperation adopted in Kenya after independence to encourage economic growth
pyrethrum A pesticide produced from certain flowers
malnutrition Disease caused by a lack of food or an unbalanced diet
strategic value Importance of a place or thing for nations planning military actions
villagization A political movement by whcih rural people are forced to move to towns and work on collective farms
ethnocracy A system of governemnt in which one ethnic group rules over others
Created by: irodgers



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