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medical terminology

a-;an-;ann- no;not;without
ante- before;forward
anti- against
bi- two;double;both
brady- slow
carcin- cancerous
contra- against;opposite
dys- difficult;painful
endo- within
epi- above;upon
gynec/o- woman
hemi- half
hyper- above;excessive
hypo- below;deficient
inter- between
intra- within
mal- bad;poor;abnormal
neo- new
non- not
para- near;beside
per- through
peri- around;surrounding
poly- many;excessive
post- after
pre- before;in front of
retro- behind;backward;upward
semi- half
sub- below;under
sym- with
syn- together;with
tachy- fast
tri- three
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical removal;excision
-emesis vomit
emia blood
-ism condition
-itis inflamation
-lepsy seizure
-oid resembling;like
-(O)logist specialist in the study of treatment
-(O)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
-pathy disease
-phobia abnormal fear
-plasty surgical repair
-pnea breathing
-rrhea flow;discharge
-rhexis rupture
-sclerosis hardening
-stasis control;stop
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole
arthr/o joint
ather/o fat;fatty;plaque
audi/o hearing;sound
aur/o ear
bronch/o bronchus
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clottiing
cyst/o bladder,sac
cyt/o cell
derm/o,ddrmat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
eosin/o;erytr/o epididymis
gastr/o stomach
gyn/o,gyn/e,gynec/o woman
hemat/o,hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water;fluid
hyster/o uterus
immune/o protection
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
narc/o sleep
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o,ophthalm/o,opt/o eye
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancreat/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
phneum/o lungs;air
proct/o rectum
psych/o,psych/i mind or soul
pulmon/o lungs
quadr/i four
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
cerebrospinal pertaining to the brain and the spinal cord
cerebrovasclar pertaining to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
epidural pertaining to above the dura mater
epilepsy a disorderof the central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
meningitis inflamation of the meninges of the brain
neuralgia nerve pain
neurologist a physician who specializes in the disease of the neurological system
schizophrenia a type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
bradycardia pertaining to a slow heart rate
cardiologist a physician who specializes in diseases of the heart
cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
endocardium membrane lining the cavies of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypoxemia too little oxygen in the blood
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
myocardium heart muscle tissue
pericardium lining around the outside of the heart
tachycardia pertaining to a fast heart rate
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
dyspnea difficult,painful,or faulty breathing
hypoxia a condition of deficient oxygen levels
pharyngitis inflammation of the pharynx
pulmonologist specialist in diseases of the lungs
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
spirometry measurement of breathing
stethoscope instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds through the chest wall
arthritis inflammation of the joints
bursitis slow movement
intramuscular pertaining to within the muscle
myalgia muscle pain
orthopedic literally means pertsining to straight foot-pertaining to the study of diseases of the skeletal and musuclar system
tendinitis inflammation of the tendon
endocrinology study of the secreting glands that comprised the endocrine system
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism condition of too much thyroid hormone
hypokalemia low blood potassium
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
autoimmune this disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that causes the body to produce antibodies against itself
immunocompromised a condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosuppressive agents
leukemia a malignat blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells or leukocytes
metastasis the spread of cancer cell beyond theoriginal site of the tumor through blood or lymph
anemia a blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells hemoglobin or the volume of packed red blood cells
hematology medical study of the blood
myeloma tumor of the blood bone marrow
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gall bladder
cirrhosis chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of tissues
coloscopy process of viewing the colon
dyspepsia the condition of painful digestion
endoscopic pertaining to the processof viewing within
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gastroenterologist specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
nasogastric pertaining to the nose and the stomach (eg., a tube that travels from the nose to the stomach)
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
sublinggual pertaining to under the tongue
nephrectomy surgical removal of kidneys
polyuria condition in which one urinates execessively
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
urologist physician who specializes in conditions of the unrinary system
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
intraocular pertaining to the inside of the eye
ophthalmologist specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry process of measuring the eye
photophobia extreme sensitivity and discomfort from light
myringitis inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otitis inflammation of the ear
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatologist specialist in the study of disease of the skin
epidermal pertaining to on the skin
histology study of tisssue
percutaneous through the skin
subcutaneous pertaining to below the skin
gynecologist a physician who specializes in the reproductive system of women
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram an x-ray of the breast
obstetrics the specialty pertaining to the care and treatment of mother and fetus throughout pregnacy ,childbirth and the immediate postpartum period
vasectomy excision of part of the vas deferenso produce male sterility
Created by: travis_c3