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Appendix C

Abosorption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria(usually refers to recognition of an institution or program)
Adjudication Prescription claims adjudication refers to the the determination of insurer'spayment after the member's bennefits are applied to a medical exam
Ambulatory Pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within, or in close proimity to a clinic.
Aseptic Technique The technique and procedure designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging, equipment, or supplies by micro-organism during preparation
Automated dispensing Technology Electronic storage cabinet or robotics that secure medication and dispense them to nurse and other care giverswhen needed.
Automated dipensing device Drug storing device is a cabinet that contain an inventory of medication that are electrically dispensed so they may be administered in a controlled manner.
Auxiliary prescription label A label affixed to a drug productthat alerts usersto special handling or administration concern
Average wholesale price (AWP) A commonly used benchmark for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting. The AWP for a drug is set by the manufacturerof the drug.
Beyond-use labeling A date that given to a medication nothing when it should no longer, also referred to as the expiration date.
Bioavailability The percentage of an adminstered dose of a medication that reaches the blood stream
Brand-name drugs A drug that covered by a patent and therefore only available from a single manufacture.
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheeek and the gum and absorded through the cheek in the bloodstream
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assist in the selection and dispensing of drugs products that are located in central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar codes scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally location) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources,and function primarily reside within this self contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which a non-governmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain certain predetermined qualification specified by the agency or association.
Chain pharmacy Apharmacy taht is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarly branded OTC products
Community pharmacy Generally a stand alone pharmacy located within that community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients
Compounding Usually takes places in a phrmacy and includes the preparation, mixing, packaging,and labeling of ta small quantity of drug base on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient
Controlled substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated underthe federal controlled substances law and regulation.controlled substances are subjectedto change to stricter controls than other prescrtion and non prescription.
Copayment(copay) The portion of the cost of a prescription thy atthe patient is responsible for paying when partof the cost is covered by a third party
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on a near patient care area. These services are often support by central pharmacy satellite is an example of one form of decentralized pharmacy service.
Direct purchasing Buying directly from a manufacturer. It typically involves the execution of a purchase order from a pharmacy to the manufacturer of the drug.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patientas authorized by a prescription.
Drug Distribution Service The system(s)used to distribute medication that begin when the medication isreceived by the pharmacy and ends when the medicationis administered to the patient.
Drugs enforcement administration(DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illgal substances such as narcotics and others dangerous drugs.The DEA is paart of the u.s Department ofJustice.
Durable medical equipment Reuseable equipment used for the treatment of illnessor injury (wheelchair walkers blood glucose meters)
Electronic medication administration record (eMAR) A component of the computerize patient medical record in which nurses and other health care providers document times and dates whe a medication was administered to the patient
Elixir A clear sweet, flavored water-and-alcohol (hydroalcoholic)mixture intended for oral use.
Excretion The irreversible removal of a drug or metabolite from the body fluid. The most common location of drug excretion in the body is the kidneys; the biliary tractis an other important routeof excretion.
Generic drugs A drug that no longer cover by a patentand therefore generally available from mulitiple manufacturers,ususally resulting in a significant reduction in price.
Formulary A specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan.
Hazardous Material Any material that poses to people animal, property,or the environment.
Health insurance portability and Accountability act (HIPAA) Federal legisltion enacted to establish guide lines for the protection of patients private health information
Hospital formulary An approved list of medication that are routinely stocked in hospital pharmacyto treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract
Intracardiac Injected directly in the heart muscles
Intradermal Injected into the top layer of the skin
Intra muscular Injected directly in to a large muscle mass such as the upper arm thigh or buttock and absorded from the muscle tissue into the blood stream.
Intracheal Administered into the trachea (windpipe); endotracheal.
Intravenous Injected directly into the a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body
Lengend drugs A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. it is the older term for drugs that are now identified as Rx only.
Licensure The process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an indidvidual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health, safety, and welfare will be pr
Lozenge A hard disk -shaped solid medication dosage form that contain medication in sugar base, which is released as lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-order Pharmacy A pharmacy that function like a ware-house, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense precritions that are mailed to (not-picked-up-by)patients.
Material safety data sheets Information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemical or drugs that may be hazardous in the work place. They provide information about the specific hazard of chemicals or drugs used at the work- site, guideline for their safe use, and recommendation t
Medication adminstration record (MAR) A component of of the paper patient medical record in which nurse and other health care providers document times and date when a medication was administered to the patient.
Medication error Any error occuring in the medication use process
Medication order A written, electronic, telephpone, or verbal request for patient medication in an in patient setting
Medication therapy management (MTM) A service or group of services that optimize therapeutic out comes for patients. such services include:assessment of a patient's health status;formulation of a medication treatment plan; selection inititation, modification, or administration of medication
National Drugs code (NDC) A unique number assigned to each drug, strengh, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form,applied to the skin or mucous membranes which lubricates and soften or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-the-Counter (OTC)drugs Drugs that are available without a prescription
Parental A route medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular,or subcutaneous administration.
Patient Counseling The act of educating a patient by a pharmacist regarding the proper use of a prescrided drug,at the time of dispensing.
Patient Profile A list of in formation about a patient, including name, identification number, date of birth, sex, height, weight lab values admitting and consulting physicians, allergies, medication history history special consideration,and aclinical comments
Pharmacist A health care prfessional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy.Pharmacist have advance training in the pharmaceutical science such as pharmacology pharmacokineti
pharmacy statellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that that can provide a variety of distributive and and clinical services.
Practice of pharmacy The practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulation. The state law and regulation establish the scope of the practiceof pharmacy in the particular state, meaning the resposibilities that pharmacist are permited to
Prescription The written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient. This term also referedto the physical product dispensed.
Primary prescription label A label, affixed to a dispense drug product that contains legally required information, including pharmacy name and adresss, patient name, prescriber name, drug name, directions for use, date dispensed, cationary statment, sequential prescription number i
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes,qualities and behaviors of a professionalwhile performing the duties of one's profession:" putting the needs of others before your own."
Purchase order A document by a purchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services
Resgistration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list. A pharmacy technician may required to be resgisteredwithn the state of board of pharmacy before being able to legally carry out some pharmacy function.
Stat Abbreviation of the latin word statim meaning immediately; commonly use on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right a way
Stock rotation Placing the products that will expire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin.
Sublingual Placed under the tongue where it disolves and is absorbed in the blood stream.
Suspension A mixture of fine particles of an undissolved solid spread throughout a liquid or less commonly, a gas
Technician An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharmacy technician assists pharmacist by performing routine day to day functions of the practice of pharmacy that do not reqiure the judgement of a pharmacist
Topical Applied to the skin mucous membranes, or other external body parts such as fingernails, toenails,and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; precutaneous
Unit dose distribution system A system that provides all or most medication to patient in a unit dose ready to administer form
Unit dose package A non-reuseable container design to hold a quantity of drug to be administered as a single dose.
Wholesaler Large scale of warehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic region that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market.
Created by: ants4202
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