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Medical Terms (Appendix C)

absorption the amount of medication that enters the bloodstream or systemic circulation
accreditation the process of granting recogniton or vouching for compliance with established criteria
adjudication prescripclaimss adujication refers to the determination of the insurers payment after the members insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim
ambulatory pharmacy a pharmacy generally located within, or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital or medical center that provides medication servicesto ambulatory patients
aseptic technique the technique and procedures designed tp prevent contamination of drugs, packaging equipment or supplies by microrganisms during preparation
automated dispensing technology electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medications and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed
automated medication dispensing device a drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medication that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner
auxiliary prescription label a label affixed todrug product that alerts users to special handling or administration concerns
average wholesale price (AWP) a commonly used benchmak for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community setting. the AWP for a drug is set by the manufacturer of the drug
beyond-use labeling a date that is given to a medication noting when it should no longer be used, also referred to as expiration date
bioavailability the percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream
brand-name drug a drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available froma single manufacturer
buccal a solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the check and gum and absorbed through the cheek into the bloodstream
centralized dispensing automation technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of the drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients
centralized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. pharmacy personnel resources and functions primarily reside within this self contained location
certification a voluntary process by which a non governmental agency or asscociation grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association . this is recognition demonstrates that the certified indiv
chain pharmacy a pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similarybranded OTC products
commmunity pharmacy generally a stand alone pharmacy located in the community that provides medication services to ambulatory
compounding usually takes place in a pharmacy and includes preparation, mixing, pakaging and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient
controlled substances drugs or chemical substances whose posession and use are regulated under the federal controlled substances act and by state controlled laws and regulations.
copayment (copay) the portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by a 3rd party payer
decentrailized pharmacy pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area
direct purchasing buying directly from a manufacturer
dispensing the act of preparation a medicationfor use by a patient as authorized by a prescription
drug distribution services the systems use to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient
drug enforcement administration (DEA) the federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs.
durable medical equipment reusable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury
electronic medication administration record (eMAR) a componet of the computerized patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient.
elixir a clear, sweet, flavored water and alcohol(hydroalcoholic) mixture intendedfor oral use.
excretion the irreversible removal of a drug metabolite from a body fluid
formulation record an individual record (like a recipe) for preparation
generic drug a drug that that is no longer covered by a patient and is therefore generally availble from multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost
hazardous material any material that poses risk to people, animals, property or the enviroment.
healt insurance portability and accountability act (HIPPA) federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the the protection of patients private health information
hospital formulary an approved list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves
inhalant a fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist through the mouth into the respiratory tract
intracardiac injected directly into the heart muscle
intradermal injected into the top layers of the skin
intramuscular injected directly into a large muscle mass
intratracheal administered into the trachea (windpipe) endotracheal
intravenous injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately avaliable to act in the body
legend drug a drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only
licensure the process by which an agency of the government grants permission to an individual to engage in the job that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that the public health, safety, welfare will be protected.
lozenge a hard disked shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held inthe mouth and sucked
mail-order pharmacy a pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked up by) patients.
material safety data sheets information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemical for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace.
medication administration record (MAR) a compononent of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other health care providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient
medication error any error occuring in the medication use process
medication order a written, electronic, telephone,or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting
medication therapy managment (MTM) a service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for a patient
national drug code (NDC) number a unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification
ointment a semisolid medication dosage form applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base drug for drug delivery
over the counter (OTC) drugs that are avaliable without a prescriptions
parenteral a route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration
patient counseling the act of educating a patient, by a pharmacists regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug, at the time of dispensing.
patient profile a list of information about a patient.
pharmacists a health care professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy
pharmacy satellite a physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services
practice of pharmacy the practice of pharmacy is regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations. the responsibilities that pharmacists are permitted to peform in the state
purchase order a documented executed by a purchaser and fowarded toa supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services.
prescription the written or verbal authorization, by which by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an for an individual patient
primary prescription label a label affixed to a dispensed drug product that contains legally required informaton.
professional a person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced speacialized training
professionalism actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities, and behaviors of a professional while peforming the duties of ones profession; putting the needs of others before your own.
registration the process of making on a list or being enrolled in an existing list
STAT abbrevatio of the latin word statim, meaning immediately; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away
stock rotation placing the products that willexpire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them
subcutaneous deposited in the tissue just under the skin
sublingual placed under the tongue where it dissolves and is absorbed into the blood stream
suspension a mixture of fine particles of an undisolved solid spread throughout a liquid or,less commonly, a gas
technician an individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of the profession.a PT assists pharmacists by peforming routine,day to day funtions of the practice of pharmacy thatdo not require the judgment of a pharmacists
topical applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
transdermal through the skin; percutaneous
unit dose distribution system a system that provides all or most medications to patients in a unit dose ready to administer form
unit-dose package a non reusable container designed to hold a quantity of drug to be administered as a single dose.
wholesaler a large scale warehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic regions that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market
Created by: gzam



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