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Chapter 6

Unit 3

Top-down processing brain forms perceptions from past expeeriences
Bottom-up processing brain forms perceptions without past experiences
Selective attention ability of brain to focus upon 1 sensation among many
Inattentional blindness when brain fails to perceive a sensation that it should've perceived
Change blindness brain fails to perceive an alteration in an environment that they should've
Pop-out phenomenon 1 sensation dominates others
cocktail party phenomenon selective switching attention from 1 sensation to another because you hear a reference to you
Divided attention Brains ability to focus upon multiple sensations simultaneously
Gestalt Perception ONE; brain's tendency to focus on one sensation
Figure-ground Pulling one sensation to the front others pushed to the back, but not being ignored
Simplicity brain wants to perceive image quickly, simple image
Proximity/connectedness objects that are close to each other, see 1 image
Similarity perceive objects grouped together, similar looking as 1
Continuity road continues
Common fate objects moving in same direction
Closure complete sensation before sensation is completed
Depth Perception accurately judge distance
Monocular cues depth perception abilities that use 1 eye
Relative height/size near=big
Linear perspective near=farther apart
Relative clarity near=clear
light & shadow Near=bright
interposition near=whole
relative motion near=moving faster
motion parallax near=slower
Retinal disparity eye dominance, object moving
Convergence pain in muscles that control eyes
Perceptual constancy brains ability to navigate a physical environment without thinking/seeing
Precognition accurately predicting the future consistantly
Telepathy communicate with the dead
Telekinesis move or manipulate objects with mind
Clairvoyance brain accurately perceive images consistently from objects
Created by: maechtlesarah
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