Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

O elbow

notes from lecture

TermDefinition
humeroulnar flex & ext. ulna connects w/troclea
humeroradial pronation & supination. radial head spins on capitulum. radius surface is concave also
radioulnar pronation & supination
what moves during pronation and supination? radius/ ulna does NOT move
carrying angle bc medial surface ext farther distally, in ext the elbow is in valgus position of 10-15 degrees
ligaments of elbow medial (ulnar) collateral, lateral (radial) collateral, annular (holds radial head to ulna @ radial notch)
elbow end feel in ext bony
elbow end feel in flex soft tissue
elbow end feel in pronation & supination ligamentous
brachialis OIAN O:distal 1/2 of humerus, ant surface. I:coronoid process & ulnar tuberosity of ulna. A:elbow flex. N:musculocutaneous
biceps OIAN O:long head:supraglenoid tubercle of scap. short head:coracoid process of scap. I:radial tuberosity of radius A:elbow flex, forearm sup N:musculocutaneous
brachioradialis OIAN o:lat supracondylar ridge on the humerus. I:styloid process of the radius A:elbow flex N:radial
triceps OIAN O:long head:infraglenoid tubercle of scap. lat head:inferior to greater tubercle on post humerus. Medial head:post surface of humerus. I:olcranon process of ulna. A:elbow ext N:radial
supinator OIAN O:lat epicondyle of humerus & adjacent ulna. I:ant surface of the proximal radius. A:forearm supination N:radial
pronator teres OIAN O:medial epicondyle of humerus & coranoid process of ulna. I:lat aspect of radius @ its midpoint A:forearm pronation, assist in elbow flex N:median
pronator quad OIAN o:distal 1/4 of ulna. I: distal 1/4 of radius. A:forearm pronation. N:median
most common elbow fx fx of head of radius-often head will dislocate and needs ORIF
elbow fx rx pt in splint for 3-5 days which is removed for PROM, AROM, isometrics. over next 2-6 wks progress to strengthening & stretching w/goal to return to activity in 6 wks
another common elbow fx supracondylar
severe complication to supracondylar fx Volkmans Ischemic contracture
Volkmans Ischemic contracture cause obstruction to the brachial artery & venous return due to bone displacement or vascular damage. if not restored will get mm fibrosis. wrist flexors contracted
early signs of Volkmans Ischemic contracture cyanosis, loss of radial pulse, sensory loss, severe forearm pn esp w/mvmnt
Volkmans Ischemic contracture rx elevation, ROM & splinting, stretching when appropriate. paralysis is permanent but if caught early can be managed medically
overuse syndromes:repetitive trauma syndromes lat elbow tendonopathy (tennis elbow), medial elbow tendinopathy (golfer's elbow)
lateral epicondylitis microtrauma of wrist ext mechanism esp extensor carpi radialis brevis. brevis is most commonly injured bc when elbow is ext & wrist is flexed, brevis rolls over radial head. chronic inflammation develops
lateral epicondylitis S&S local tenderness, pn, edema over common extensor area that increases w/activity or stretching. may be referred pn into arm. can be work related (typing, power tools) or recreational (back hand, piano)
lateral epicondylitis acute rx RICE, gentle PROM/AROM in painfree range, modalities such as Estim, US or massage, ionto, phono, immobilization in brace, cock up splint
lateral epicondylitis subacute rx AROM. cont to rest is real key
lateral epicondylitis chronic rx teach pt self stretch, isometrics & progress to strengthening using theraband or wt to both agonist & antagonist & pronators & supinators. asses mechanism of injury & look for correction or prophylaxis. gradual return to activity
medial epicondylitis also overuse of wrist flex (FCR, FCU, FCS) cause by improper golfing technique, gripping tools
medial epicondylitis acute rx RICE, gentle PROM/AROM in painfree range, modalities such as Estim, US or massage, ionto, phono, immobilization in brace, cock up splint
medial epicondylitis subacute rx AROM. cont to rest is real key
medial epicondylitis chronic rx teach pt self stretch, isometrics & progress to strengthening using theraband or wt to both agonist & antagonist & pronators & supinators. asses mechanism of injury & look for correction or prophylaxis. gradual return to activity
PNI ulnar sensory loss of ulnar hand, little finger, ulnar 1/2 of ring finger-wkness of ulnar 1/2 FDP & FCU, hypothenar mm, interossei, 3,4 lumbricals, FPB, add pl
PNI radial wk wrist & finger ext, supinator- sensation loss dorsum of hand & radial side of 3rd metacarpal, dorsum of thumb & 1st 2 fingers
periperal neuropathy median wkness of pronator teres, wrist flexors, extrinsic finger flexors, thenar & lumbricales 1-2- sensory loss is radial palm & palm side of thumb, index & middle finger
olecranon bursitis caused by pressure (leaning on elbows) sometimes aspiration needed
total elbow not common. indicated by severe arthritis, gross instability. result is not full range or strength. maybe 90 degrees
Created by: jessigirrl4
Popular Physical Therapy sets

 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards