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ans4202

medical terms(appendix A)

TermDefinition
a-;an-;ana- no; not; without
ante- before; forward
anti against
bi two; double; both
brady slow
contra against; opposite
dys difficult; painful
endo within
epi above; upon
gynec/o woman
hemi half
hyper above; excessive
hypo below; deficient
inter between
intra within
mal bad; poor; abnormal
neo new
non not
para near; beside
per through
peri around; surrouding
poly many excessive
post after
pre before; infront
retro behind; backward; upward
semi half
sub below; under
syn together; with
tachy fast
tri three
-algia pain
-cyte cell
-ectomy surgical; removal; excision
-emesis vomit
-emia blood
-ism condition
-itis inflamation
-lepsy seizure
-oid resembling; like
-(o)logist specialist ion thye study of treatment
-(o)logy study of
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-ostomy creation of an opening
-otomy incision into
pathy disease
phobia abnormal fear
plasty surgical repair
pnea breathing
rrhea flow; discharge
sclerosis hardening
stasis control; stop
abdomin/o abdomen
arteri/o arteriole
arthr/o joint
ather fat; fatty plaque
audi/o hear; sound
aur/o ear
bronch/o bronchus
bucc/o cheek
carcin/o cancer
cardi/o heart
cerebr/o cerebrum
coagul/o clotting
cyts/o bladder; sac
cyt/o cell
dermo/o; dermat/o skin
electra/o electricity
encephal/o brain
erythr/o red
gatr/o stomach
gyn/o; gyn/; gynec/o woman
hemmat/o; hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hydr/o water, fluid
hyster/o uterus
immune/o protection
lip/o fat
lymph/o lymph
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
narc/o sleep
nas/o nose
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
ocul/o, ophthalm/o eye
or/o mouth
oste/o bone
pancreat/o pancreas
phleb/o vein
phot/o light
pneum/o lungs; air
proct/o rectum
psych/o; psych/i mind; soul
pulmon/o lungs
quad/i four
rect rectum
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
septi bacteria
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
urethr/o urethra
ven/o vein
cerebrospinal Pertaining to the brain and spinal cord
cerebrovascuar Pertaining to the brain and blood vessels that supply it
epidural Pertaining to above dura mater
epilepsy A disorder of central nervous system characterized by recurrent seizures
meningitis Inflamation of the menning of the brain
neuralgia nerve pain
neurologist A physician who specializes in diseases of the neurological system
schizophrenia A type of psychosis in which the mind is said to be split from reality
bradycardia pertaining to a slowheart rate
cardiologist A physician who spealize in disease of the heart
cardiomyopathy Disease of the heart muscle
endocardium Membrane lining the cavities of the heart
hypertension high blood pressure
hypoxemia too little oxygen in the blood
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle
myocardium heart muscle tissue
pericardium Lining around the outsideof the heart
tachycardia Pertaining to a fast heart rate
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
dyspnea Difficult; painful; or faulty breathing
hypoxia A condition of deficient oxygen levels
pharngitis inflammation of the pharynx
pulmonologist specialistin diseases of the lungs
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose
rhinoplasty discharge from the nose
spirometry measurement of breathing
stethoscope Instrument used to listen to lung and heart sounds throught the chest wall
arthritis joint pain
bursitis inflammation of the bursa, a fluid-filled sac around joints
intramuscular Pertaining to within the muscule
myalgia Muscle pain
orthopedic literally meansn pertaining to straight foot- pertaining to the study of dieases of the skeletal muscle
tendinitis Inflammation of the tendon
endocrinology Study of the secreting glands thatcomprise the endocrine system
hyperglycemia too much sugar in the blood
hyperthyriodism condition of too much thyriod hormomne
hypokalemia low blood potassium
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
autoimmune the disorder characterized by abnormal function of the immune system that cause the body to produce antibodies against itself
immunocompromised a condition in which the immune system has been compromised by disease or immunosupperssive agents
leukemia A malignant blood disease marked by abnormal white blood cells or leukocytes
metastasis The spread of cancer cells beyond the original site of the tumor through blood or lymph
anemia A blood condition in which there is a reduction in the number of red blood cells, or the volume of packed red blood cels
hematology Medical study of the blood
myeloma tumor of the bone marrow
cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gall bladder
cirrhosis chronic liver condition that causes yellowing of the tissues
colonoscopy process of viewing the colon
dyspepsia The condition of indigestion,or painful digestion
esophagitis Inflammation of the esophagus gastro
gastroenterologist Specialist in the study or treatment of the stomach and intestines
nasogastric Pertaining to the nose and stomach (e.g., a tube that travels from the nose to the stomach
pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
sublingual pertaining to under the tongue
nephrectomy Surgical removal of a kidney
polyuria Condition in which one urinates excessively
pyelonephritis Inflammation of the renal pelvis area of the kidney
urologist Physician who specialize in conditions of the urinary system
conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva
intraocular Pertaining to the inside of the eye
ophthalmologist Specialist in diseases of the eye
optometry process of measuring the eye
photophobia Extreme sensitivity and discomfortfrom light
myringitis Inflammation of the tympanic membrane
otitis Inflammation of the ear
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
Dermatologist specialist in the study of diseases in the skin
epidermal Pertaining to on the skin
histology the study of tissues
precutaneous Through the skin
subcutaneous pertaining to below the skin
gynecologist A Physician who specializesin reproduction system of woman
hysterectomy the surgical removal of the uterus
mammogram an x-ray of the breast
obstetrics the speciality pertaining to the care and treatment of a mother and fetus throughout pregnancy, childbirth, and immediate postpartum period
vasectomy Excision of part of the vas deferensbto produce male sterility
Created by: ants4202