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#lpeleap Chapter 9

Development Across the Lifespan

TermDefinition
Accomondation involves altering one's existing schemas, or ideas, as a result of new information or new experiences.
Assimilation we take in new information or experiences and incorporate them into our existing ideas.
Autism a mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts.
Concrete operational stage In Piaget's stages of cognitive development, the concrete operational stage is a period between ages seven and eleven during which children gain a better understanding of mental operations.
Egocentrism having or regarding the self or the individual as the center of all things: an egocentric philosophy that ignores social causes.
Formal operational stage At this point, the person is capable of hypothetical and deductive reasoning.
Habituation the diminishing of a physiological or emotional response to a frequently repeated stimulus.
Identity a person's conception and expression of their individuality or group affiliations.
Longitudinal study is a correlational research study that involves repeated observations of the same variables over long periods of time — often many decades. It is a type of observational study.
Menarche the first occurrence of menstruation.
Preoperational stage associated primarily with the development of logic and the coordination between means and ends. This is an extremely important stage of development, holding what Piaget calls the "first proper intelligence".
Primary sex characteristics body structures that are specific to sex.
Secondary sex characteristics physical features other than reproductive orgrans that distinguish men from women.
Self-concept image that we have of ourselves. This image is formed in a number of ways, but is particularly influenced by our interactions with important people in our lives.
Sensorimotor stage Piaget designated the first two years of an infants lifeas
Social learning theory draws heavily on the concept of modeling, or learning by observing a behavior
Teratogens an agent or factor that causes malformation of an embryo.
Mary Ainsworth known for her work in early emotional attachment with the Strange situation design, as well as her work in the development of attachment theory.
Diana Baumrind parenting styles and for her critique of deception in psychological research.
Carol Gilligan work with and against Lawrence Kohlberg on ethical community and ethical relationships, and certain subject-object problems in ethics.
Harry Harrlow caring for infant rhesus monkeys further inspired Harlow, and ultimately led to some of his best known experiments: the surrogate mothers.
Lawrence Kohlberg heory of stages of moral development.
Konrad Lorenz He shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Nikolaas Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch.
Jean Piaget epistemological studies with children. His theory of cognitive development and epistemological view are together called "genetic epistemology"
Lev Vygotsky developed a sociocultural theory of child development designed to account for the influence of culture on a child's growth and development.
Created by: lpeleap