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CST_110

Intro to Communication_Chapter 9

TermDefinition
attraction theory a theory that explains the primary forces that draw people together
proxmity how physically close one is to others
attractiveness the appeal one person has for another, based on physical appearance, personalities, and/or behavior
matching hypothesis the tendency to develop relationships with people who are approximately as attractive as we are
similarity degree to which people share the same values, interests, and background
social penetration theory a theory that proposes that relationships develop through increases in self-disclosure
uncertainty reduction theory a theory that argues relationship development is facilitated or derailed by participants' efforts to reduce their uncertainty about each other
predicted outcome a theory that attempts to explain how reducing uncertainty can lead to attraction or repulsion
Knapp's stage model model of relationship development that views relationships as occurring in "stages" and that focuses on how people communicate as relationships develop and decline
initiating stage of romantic relational development in which both people behave so as to appear pleasant and likeable
experimenting stage of romantic relational development in which both people seek to learn about each other
intensifying stage of romantic relational development in which both people seek to increase intimacy and connectedness
integrating stage of romantic relational development in which both people portray themselves as a couple
bonding stage of romantic relational development characterized by public commitment
differentiating stage of romantic relational dissolution in which couples increase their interpersonal distance
circumscribing stage of romantic relational dissolution in which couples discuss safe topics
stagnating stage of romantic relational dissolution in which couples try to prevent change
avoiding stage of romantic relational dissolution in which couples try to interact with each other
terminating stage of romantic relational dissolution in which couples end the relationship
relational trajectory models relationship development models that view relationship development as more variable than do stage models
turning point model a model of relationship development in which couples move both toward and away from commitment over the course of their relationship
relational maintenance behaviors that couples perform that help maintain their relationships
passing away the process by which relationships decline over time
sudden death the process by which relationships end without prior warning for at least one participant
withdrawal / avoidance a friendship termination strategy in which friends spend less time together, don't return phone calls, and avoid places where they are likely to see each other
Machiavellian tactics having a third party convey one's unhappiness about a relationship
deception concealment, distortion, or lying in communication
truth bias the tendency to not suspect one's intimates of deception
jealousy a complex and often painful emotion that occurs when a person perceives a threat to an existing relationship
interpersonal violence physical violence against a partner or child
sexual coercion physically nonviolent pressure to engage in unwanted sex
homogeneity a high degree of similarity
hurtful messages messages that criticize, tease, reject, or otherwise cause an emotional injury to another
Created by: ShannonLowe