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AG0268

Medical Terminology(Appendix C)

TermDefinition
Absorption The amount of medication that enters the bloodstream, or systemic circulation
Accreditation The process of granting recognition or vouching for compliance with established criteria (usually refers to recognition of an institution or program)
Adjudication Prescription claims adjudication refers to the determination of the insurer's payment after the member's insurance benefits are applied to a medical claim.
Ambulatory pharmacy A pharmacy generally located within,or in close proximity to a clinic, hospital, or medical center that provides medication services to amublatory patients.
Aseptic technique The technique and procedures designed to prevent contamination of drugs, packaging,equipment, or supplies by microorganisms during preperation.
Automated dispensing technology Electronic storage cabinets or robotics that secure medication and dispense them to nurses or other caregivers when needed.
Automated medication dispensing device A drug storage device or cabinet that contains an inventory of medications that are electronically dispensed so they may be administered to patients in a controlled manner.
Auxiliary prescription label A label affixed to a drug product that alerts users to special handling or administration concerns.
Average wholesale price(AWP) A commonly used benchmark for billing drugs that are reimbursed in the community pharmacy setting. The AWP for a drug is set by the manufacturer of the drug.
Beyond-use labeling A date that is given to a medication noting when it should no longer be used, also referred to as the expiration date.
Bioavailabilty The percentage of an administered dose of a medication that reaches the bloodstream.
Brand-name drug A drug that is covered by a patent and is therefore only available from a single manufacturer.
Buccal A solid medication dosage form that is placed in the pocket between the cheek and gum and absorbed throught the cheek in the bloodstream.
Centralized dispensing automation Technology that assists in the selection and dispensing of drug products that are located in a central location, such as the pharmacy, and that can include robotics and carousels that use bar code scanning to select and label drug products for patients.
Centralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided from one location (usually centrally located) in the hospital. Pharmacy personnel, resources, and functions primarily reside within this self-contained location.
Certification A voluntary process by which nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.
Chain Pharmacy A pharmacy that is part of a large number of corporately owned pharmacies that use the same name and carry similiarly branded OTC products.
Community Pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy located within a community that provid.es medication services to ambulatory patients
Compounding Usually takes place in a pharmacy and includes the preperation,mixing,packaging, and labeling of a small quantity of a drug based on a practitioner's prescription or medication order for a specific patient.
Controlled substances Drugs/chemical substances whose possession/use are regulated under the FCSA & by state controlled substances laws & regulations.Controlled substances are subject to stricter controls than other prescription & non-prescription drugs.
Copayment(copay) The portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by a third-party payer.
Decentralized pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on /near a patient care area.Services are often supported by a central pharmacy.A pharmacy satellite is an example of one form of a decentralized pharmacy service.
Direct purchasing Buying directly from a manufacturer.Typically involves the execution of a purchase order from the pharmacy to the manufacturer of thee drug.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug distribution services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pahrmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration(DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs.The DEA is part of the U.S. Department ood Justice.
Durable medical equipment Reusable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury(e.g.,wheelchairs,walkers,blodd glucose meters).
Electronic medication administartion record(EMAR) A component of the computerized patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was administered to the patient.
Elixir A clear,sweet,flavored water-and-alcohol(hydroalcoholic) mixture intended for oral use
Excretion The irreversible removal of a drug or metabolite from a body fluid.The most common location of drug excretion in the body is the kidneys; the biliary tract ia another important route of excretion.
Formulary A specific list of drugs that are included with a given prescription drug plan.
Generic drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from multiple manufacturers,usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost.
Hazardous material Any material that poses a risk to people,animal,property or the environment.
Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act(HIPAA) Federal legislation enacted to establish guidelines for the protection of patients' private health information.
Hospital Pharmacy An approved list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves.
Inhalant A fine powder or solution of a drug delivered as a mist throught the mouth into the respiratory tract.
intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal Injected into to the top layers of the skin.
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh,or buttock,and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream.
Intratracheal Administered into the trachea(windpipe);endotracheal.
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend drug drug required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only.It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "Rx Only"
Licensure agency grants permission to an individual upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competemcy necessary to ensure public health, safety, and welfare will be protected.
Lozenga A hard, disk-shaped solid medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is released as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-order pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse,with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked-up by) patients.
Material safety data sheets Information sheets provided by manufacturers for chemicals/drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace.Specific hazards of the chemical/drugs used at the worksite, guidelines for their safe use,and recommendations to treat exposure or clean up a spill.
Medication administration record(MAR) A component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other health-care providers document times and dates when a medication was administeres to the patient.
Medication error Any error occuring in the medications use process.
Medication order A written, electronic, telephone,or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
Medication therapy management (MTM) A distinctive service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for individual patients.
National Drug code(NDC)Number A unique number assigned to each drug,strength,and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form,applied to the skin or mucous membranes,which lubricates and softens or is used as a base drug delivery.
Over-the-Counter(OTC)drugs Drugs that are available withiut a prescription.
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract,such as inytravenous,intramuscular,or ssubcutaneous administration.
Patient counseling The act of educating a patient, by a Pharmacist,regarding the proper use of a prescribed drug,at the time of dispensing.
Patient profile A list of information about a patient, including name, identification number,datwe of birth,sex,height,weight,lab values,admitting and secondary diagnoses,room and bed number,names of admitting and consulting physicians,allergies,medication history.
Pharmacist A healthcare professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy
Pharmacy satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical sciences.
Practice of pharmacy regulated by each state through its pharmacy laws and regulations establish the scope of the practice of pharmacy in the particular state,meaning the responsibilities that pharmacists are permitted to perform in the state.
Prescription The written or verbal authorization,by an authorized prescriber,for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient. This term also refers to the physical product dispensed.
Primary prescription label label,affixed to a dispensed drug product, contains legally required information,including pharmacy name and address,patient name,prescriber name,drug name,directions for use,dat dispensed,cautionary statements,sequential prescription number,initials.
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced specialized training.
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes,qualities and behaviors of a professional while perfoming the duties of one's profession: "putting the needs of others before your own.
Purchase order A document excuted by a purchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is considered a legal offer to buy products or services.
Registration Process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list. A Pharmacy technician may be required to be registered with the state board of pharmacy before being able to legally carry out some pharmacy functions.
STAT Abbreviation of the Latin word statim,meaning immediately; commonly used on medication orders to indicate the need for the drug right away.
Stock rotation Placing the products that will expire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin
Sublingual Placed under the tongue, where it dissolves annd is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Suspension A mixture of fine particles of an undissolved solid spread throughout a liquid or, less commonly, a gas.
Technician An individual skilled in the practical or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharmacy technician assists pharmacists by performing routine,day-to-day functions of the practice of pharmacy that do not require the judgement of a pharmacist.
Topical Applied to the skin,mucous membranes,or other external parts of the body,such as fingernails,toenails,and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
Unit dose distribution system A system that provides all or most medications to patients in a unit dose ready-to-administer form.
Unit-dose package A non-reusable container designed to hold a quantity of a drug to be administered as a single dose.
Wholesaler A large-scale warehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic regions that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market.
Created by: Amanda.gallimore