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Chapter 13 Treatment of Disorders

Active listening emphathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates & clarifies
Active listening is a component of Carl Rogers' client centered therapy
Antipsychotic Drugs used to treat schizophrenia & other forms of sever though disorder
Aversive Conditioning a type of counter-conditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. (ex. nausea with alcohol)
Behavior therapy applies general learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
Biomedical therapy prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
Client-centered therapy was created by Carl Rogers
Client-centered therapy was a humanistic therapy
Client-centered therapy therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth.
client-centered therapy was also called person-centered therapy
cognitive therapy teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking & acting based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events & our emotional reactions
Cognitive-behavioral therapy integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy
behavior therapy changes behavior
cognitive therapy changes self-defeating thinking
Counter-conditioning is a behavior therapy procedure
counterconditioning uses classical conditioning to evoke mew responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors
counter-conditioning includes exposure therapies & aversive conditioning
Eclectic Approach approach to psychotherapy uses techniques from various forms of therapy depending on client's problems
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a biomedical therapy
(ECT) is used on depressed paitiens
ECT a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
Evidence-based practice clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise & patient characteristics & preferences
Anti-anxiety drugs drugs used to control anxiety & agitation
Exposure therapy is a behavioral technique like systematic desensitization
Anti-depressant drugs drugs used to treat depression; also prescribed for anxiety.
Different types of anti-depressant drugs work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters.
Exposure therapies treat anxieties by exposing people by imagination or in actuality to the things they fear & avoid
Family therapy treats family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at other family members
Insight therapies aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing client's awareness of underlying motives & defenses
Insight therapies are variety of therapies
Lobotomy procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the brain
Lobotomy was performed to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. (Now a rare psychosurgical procedure)
Meta-analysis a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
Psychoanalysis Freud' theory of personality & therapeutic technique that attributes thoughts & actions to unconscious motives & conflicts
Freud believed that patient's free associations, resistances, dreams & transference & the interpetations of them released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
Psychodynamic Therapy deriving from psychoanalytic tradition
Psychodynamic Therapy views individuals as responding to unconscious forces & childhood experiences & seeks to enhance self insight
Psychopharmacology study of the effects of drugs on mind & behavior
Psychosurgery surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
Psychotherapy interactions between a trained therapist & someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth
Regression towards the mean the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back toward their average
fall back regress
resilience personal strength that helps most people cope with stress & recover from adversity & even trauma
rTMS stands for repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
rTMS application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain
rTMS used to stimulate or suppress brain activity
Systematic desensitization exposure therapy- associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli.
Systematic desensitization is commonly used to treat phobias
Tardive Dyskinesia involuntary movement of the facial muscles, tongue & limbs
Tardive Dyskinesia may be a neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of anti-psychotic drugs that target certain dopamine receptors
Token economy operant conditioning procedure- people earn a token of some sort fro exhibiting a desired behavior & can later exchange the toke for various privileges of treats
transference psychoanalysis- patient's transfer to the analysis emotions linked with other relationships. (ex. love/hatred for a parent)
Unconditional positive regard was introduced by Carl Rogers
unconditional positive regard caring, accepting, non-judgemental attitude- believed to help clients develop self-awareness & self-acceptance
Virtual reality exposure therapy is a anxiety treatment
Virtual reality exposure therapy progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears (ex. airplane fly, spiders, public speaking.)
Created by: mp129152
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