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Antibiotics

QuestionAnswer
Benzylpenicillin Penicillin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis.
Pen V Penicillin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis.
Flucloxacillin Penicillin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis.
Amoxicillin Penicillin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis.
Piperacillin Penicillin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis.
Augmentin/coamoxiclav Amoxicillin+clavulonic acid. Penicillin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis.
Tazocin Piperacillin+tazobactam. Penicillin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis.
Cephradine 1st gen. Cephalosporin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but less sensitive to penicillinases.
Cephalexin 1st gen. Cephalosporin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but less sensitive to penicillinases.
Cephuroxime 2nd gen.Cephalosporin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but less sensitive to penicillinases.
Cephotaxime 3rd gen. Cephalosporin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but less sensitive to penicillinases.
Cephtriaxone 3rd gen. Cephalosporin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but less sensitive to penicillinases.
Cephtazidime 3rd gen. Cephalosporin. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but less sensitive to penicillinases.
Meropenem Carbopenem. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but least sensitive to penicillinases.
Imipenem Carbopenem. Beta-lactam. Inhibits cell wall synthesis by binding to transpeptidases, inhibiting X-linking in cell wall synthesis, but least sensitive to penicillinases.
Vancomycin Glycopeptide. Bind to amino acids in the cell wall, inhibiting addition of new subunits.
Teicoplanin Glycopeptide. Bind to amino acids in the cell wall, inhibiting addition of new subunits.
Daptomycin Cell membrane disruption.
Sulphonamides Disrupts folate synthesis. Inhibits dihydroperoate synthetase. Prevents pABA --> DHF acid.
Trimethoprim Disrupts folate synthesis. Inhibits dihydrofolate reductase. Prevents DHF acid --> THF acid.
Ciprofloxacin Quinolone. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis by inhibiting DNA gyrase.
Levofloxacin Quinolone. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis by inhibiting DNA gyrase.
Moxifloxacin Quinolone. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis by inhibiting DNA gyrase.
Rifampicin Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis by inhibiting RNA polymerase.
Erythromycin Macrolide. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 50s ribosomal subunit.
Clarythromycin Macrolide. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 50s ribosomal subunit.
Azithromycin Macrolide. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 50s ribosomal subunit.
Clindamycin Lincosamide. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 50s ribosomal subunit.
Chloramphenicol Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 50s ribosomal subunit.
Linezolid Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 50s ribosomal subunit.
Streptomycin Aminoglycaside. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 30s ribosomal subunit.
Gentamicin Aminoglycaside. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 30s ribosomal subunit.
Tobramycin Aminoglycaside. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 30s ribosomal subunit.
Tetracycline Tetracycline. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 30s ribosomal subunit.
Oxytetracycline Tetracycline. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 30s ribosomal subunit.
Doxycycline Tetracycline. Inhibits protein synthesis by binding to the P site of the 30s ribosomal subunit.
Fusidic acid Prevents bacterial protein synthesis by preventing the turnover of elongation factor G (EF-G) from the ribosome.
Created by: ZoeCandlish
 

 



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