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9th Grade Geography - Unit 6 Political Systems

Socialism an economic system in which the government owns and controls the means of producing goods
Communism an economic and political system in which the government owns or controls almost all the means of production
Democracy a system of government in which the people decide who will govern
Dictatorship a government with a leader who rules with almost absolute authority
Monarchy type of government in which there is a hereditary ruler, King or Queen, royal family or group
Constitutional monarchy Government in which a king or queen is the official head of state. Example: United Kingdom.
Sovereign Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
Nationalism a feeling of pride and loyalty for one's country or culture group
Patriotism "Loyalty to the governing state in which you live."
Colonialism An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economical, and cultural principles in another territory
Alliance Agreement between countries to support one another against enemies.
Imperialism The control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous society
Sanctions Penalties intended to force a country to change its policies
Republic a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and govern according to law
Totalitarian a government in which one person or a small group of people rule a country and in which the people have no say
Theocracy a country governed by religious law
Apartheid Afrikaans for "apartness";it was the segregation of blacks,coloreds,Asians,&whites in South Africa from 1948-1994. It was created to keep the white minority in power and allow them to have almost total control over the black majority(~90% of the total pop
Genocide the intentional destruction of a people.
DMZ demilitarized zone - a buffer zone into which opposing armies may not enter.