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world georg

ch. 21 22 23

agricultural revolution the change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place about 8000 B.C.
civilization an advanced culture
monothesism the belief in one god
protectorate an area that has its own government but is controlled by an outside power
chaparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates, small evergreen trees and low bushes. or shrubs
poaching illegal hunting
mosque an Islamic place of religious worship
muezzin in Islam a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each day from a minaret
minaret a tall slender tower attached to a mosque
desalination plant the process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation
nomad a person who travels from place to place
trade deficit the situation in which a country imports more than it exports
trade surplus the situation in which a country exports more than it imports
autonomy independence
genocide the systematic killing or intentional destruction of a people
nationalism pride in ones nation the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a seperate nation
chernozem a rich topsoil found in the russian and other mid-latitude grasslands
fundamentalism a set of religious beliefs based on a strict interpretation of sacred text
yurt a round tent made of a wooden frame work and covered with felts or skins
desertification the transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention
mandate a commission from the league of nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory
drip irrigation a process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants
potash a mineral used in explosives and fertilizer
fertile cresent a region in the middle east where farming and the first civilizations developed
militia a citizen army
anarchy political disorder and violence lawlessness
embargo a severe restriction of trade with other countries
infrastructure the basic support facilities of a community
falaj system in the arabian peninsula an ancient system of underground and surface canals
ayatollah a religious leader among shiite muslims
Created by: austinbetteridge