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chapter 21 vocab

chapter 21,22,23 vocab

agricultural revolution The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place about 8000 b.c
civilization An advanced culture
monotheism The belief in one god
protectorate An area that has its own government but is controlled by an out side power
chaparral A type of Natural vegetation that is adapted to mediterranean climates small evergreen trees and low bushes or scrub
poaching illegal hunting
mosque An Islamic place of religions worship
muezzin in islam a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each day from a minaret
minaret A tall slender tower attached to a mosque
desalination plant The process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used from drinking irrigation.
nomad A person who travels from place to place
trade deficit the situation in which a country imports more than exports.
trade surplus the situation i which a country exports more than imports
autonomy independance
genocide The systematic killing or intentional destruction of a people.
nationalism pride in one's nation the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation
chernozem a rich top soil found i the russian steppes and other mid-latitude grass lands
yurt A round tent made of a wooden framework and covered with felt or skins
fundamentalism A set of religions beliefs based on a strict interpretation of a sacred text.
desertification The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention
mandate A commission from the league of nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory.
zionist A member of a movement known as Zionism founded to promote the establishment independent jewish state.
self-determination The right of people to decide their own political future.
drip irrigation A process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants from pipes thus preserving precious water resources in dry areas
potash A mineral used in explosives and fertilizer.
fertile crescent A region in the middle east where farming and the first civilizations developed.
militia A citizen army.
anarchy Political disorder and violence ;lawlessness.
embargo A severe restriction of trade with other countries
infrastructure The basic support facilities of a community or country such as roads and bridges power plants and school
falaj system in the arabian peninsula and ancient system of underground and surface canals
secular worldly not relating to religion
shah the title of the former ruler of iran
ayatollah a religious leader among the shiite muslims.
Created by: coltonsanders