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Chapter 21, 22, 23 Vocabulary

Agriculture Revolution The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place anout 8000 B.C.
Civilization An advanced culture
Monotheism The belief in one God
Protectorate An are that has its own government but is controlled by outsode power
Chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub
Poaching Illegal hunting
Mosque An islamic place of religious worship
Muezzin In Islan, a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each from minaret
Minaret A tall slender tower attatched to mosque
Desalinatation The process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation.
Nomad A person who travels from place to place
Trade Deficit The situation in which a country imprts more than it exports.
Trade Surplus The situation in which a country exports more than it imports
Autonomy Independence
Genocide The systemic killing or intentional Destruction of people
Nationalism Pride in ones nation; the desire of cultural group the rule themselves as a seperate nation
Chernozem A rivh topsoil in the russian steppes and other mid lattiyptude graslamds
Yurt A round tent of wooden framework and covered with felt or skins
Fundamentalism A set of religious beliefs based on a strict interprettionmof a sacred text
Desertification The transformation of Arable lando into desert either naturally or through human intervention.
Mandate A commiission from the league of Nations authorizing A nation to govern territory
Zionist A member of a movement know as Zionism, Founded to promote the establishment of an Independent jewish state
Self Determination The right of a people to decide their own political future
Drip irrigation A process by which precicesly controlled amounts Of water drip directly onto plants from pipes. Thus preserving Precious water recources in dry areas
Potash A ineral used in explosives and fertilizer
Fertile cresent A region in the middle east where farming and the first civilizations developed
Militia A citizen army
Anarchy Political disorder and violence: lawkessness
Embargo A severe restriction of trade with other countries
Infrastructure Yhe basic support facilities of a community or county such as roads and bridges power plants and schools
Falaj system In the arabian penninsula, an ancient system of underground and surface canals
Secular Worldly, not relating to religion
Shah The title of the former ruler of Iran
Ayatollah A religious leader among the shiite Muslums
Created by: michelleguevara