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Ch. 21,22,23 Vocab

Agricultural revolution The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place about 8000 b.c
civilization an advanced culture
monotheism The belief in God
protectorates an area that has its own government but is controlled by an outside power
charparral a type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates
poaching illegal hunting
muezzin I Islam , a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each day from a minaret
mosques An Islamic place of religious worship
minaret a tall slender tower attached to a mosque
desalination plants the process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irragation
nomads a person who travels from place to place
trade defict the situation in which a country imports more than it exports
trade surplus The situation in which a country exports more than it imports
Autonomy Independence
genocide the systematic killing or intentional destruction of a people
nationalism pride in ones nation
chernozem a rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands
fundamentalism a set of religious beliefs based on a strict interpretation of a sacred text
yurt A round tent made of wooden framework and covered with felt or skins
desertification the transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention
mandate a commission from the League of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory
zionist a member known as a zionism founded to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state
self-determination the right of a people to decide their own political future
drip irrigation a process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants from pipes, thus perserving precious water resources in dry areas.
potash a mineral used in explosives and fertilizer
fertile crescent a region in the middle east where farming and the first civilizations developed
militia a citizen army
anarchy political disorder and violence
embargo a severe restriction of trade with other countries
desalination the process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation
infrastructure the basic
falaj system
Created by: Adriansotelo



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