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World Geography

Chapters 21-23 Vocabulary

Agricultural Revolution The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place in about 8000 B.C.
Civilization An advanced culture.
Monotheism The belief in one God.
Protecorate An area that has its own government, but is controlled by an outside power.
Chaparral A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub.
Poaching Illegal hunting.
Mosque An Islamic place of religious worship.
Muezzin In Islam, a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each day from a minaret.
Minaret A tall, slender tower attached to a mosque.
Desalination Plant The process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation.
Nomad A person who travels from place to place.
Trade Deficit The situation in which a country imports more than it exports.
Trade Surplus The situation in which a country exports more than it imports.
Autonomy Independence
Genocide The systematic killing or intentional destruction of the people.
Nationalism Pride in one's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation.
Chernozem A rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands.
Fundamentalism A set of religious beliefs based on a strict interpretation of a sacred text.
Yurt A round tent made of a wooden framework and covered with felt or skins.
Desertification The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention.
Mandate A commission from the League of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory.
Zionist A member of a movement known as Zionism, founded to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state.
Self-Determination The right of a person to decide their own political future.
Drip Irrigation A process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants from pipes, thus preserving precious water resources in dry areas.
Potash A mineral used in explosives and fertilizer.
Fertile Crescent A region in the Middle East where farming and the first civilizations developed.
Militia A citizen army.
Anarchy Political disorder and violence; lawlessness.
Embargo A severe restriction of trade with other countries.
Infrastructure The basic support facilities of a community or country, such as roads and bridges, power plants, and schools.
Falaj System In the Arabian Peninsula, an ancient system of underground and surface canals.
Secular Wordly, not relating to religion.
Shah The title of a former ruler of Iran.
Ayatollah A religious leader among the Shiite Muslims.
Created by: Michaela Brown