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Asthma & COPD

COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease commonly smoking-related illness
What are the two types of COPD? chronic bronchitis emphysema
Chronic Bronchitis is also called? blue bloaters
Emphysema is also called? pink puffers oxygenated, shallow breathing
What is chronic bronchitis? inflammation, excess mucus in the airways frequents RTI, hypercapnia, hypoxemia possible, air trapping
What is emphysema? destruction of alveoli clusters, loss of surface area for gas exchange, no mucus production
Treatment for COPD? inhaled corticosteroids (less SE), combination inhalers: advair (salmeterol-b2 + fluticasone-LABA),bronchodilators:albuterol(B2agonist, short acting); Tiotropium-longacting antimuscarinic, lipophilic,dissolve in airways, bronchodilator effect,target mucus
Treatment for COPD? Antibiotics (mainly for chronic bronchitis r/t mucus production), phosphodieterase inhibitors: theophylline (lots of SE), roflumilast (long acting, inhalation, lots of SE, cross CNS; dose limiting N/V (inhibition of brain PDE); surgery
antibiotics, surgery, phosphodieterase inhibitors: theophylline, roflumilast, bronchodilators (albuterol, tiotropium), inhaled corticosteroids, combination inhalers (advair) treatment of COPD
Created by: cburrows