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vital signs

measuring and recording vital signs

various determinations that provide information about the basic body conditions of the patient vital signs
the measurement of the balance between heat lost and heat produced by the body temperature
the pressure of the blood felt against the wall of an artery as the heart contracts and relaxes pulse
refers to the number of beats per minute rate
refers to regularity rhythm
refers to strength volume
reflect the breathing rate of the patient respirations
the force exerted by the blood against the arterial walls when the heart contracts or relaxes blood pressure
pulse is checked or measured with a stethoscope at the apex of the heart apical pulse
a constant state of fluid balance homeostasis
temperature is checked in the armpit, under the upper arm axillary
temperature is measured with a special thermometer placed in the ear or auditory canal aural
body temperature below 95%F hypothermia
elevated body temperature usually above 101%f fever
another term for fever pyrexia
occurs when the body temperature exceeds 104%F measured rectally hyperthermia
a pulse rate under 60 beats per minute bradycardia
pulse rate over 100 beats per minute (except in children) tachycardia
an irregular or abnormal rhythm arrhythmia
process of taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide respiration
difficult or labored breathing dyspnea
absence of repirations apnea
respiratory rate above 25 respirations per minute tachypnea
slow respiratory rate below 10 respirations per minute bradypnea
severe dyspnea in which breathing is very difficult in any position other than sitting erect or standing orthopnea
respirations-periods of dyspnea followed by periods of apnea cheyne-stokes
a dusky, bluish discoloration of skin,lips, and/or nail beds cyanosis
measurement of the pressure that the blood exerts on the walls of the arteries during the various stages of heart activity blood pressure
pressure occurs in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is contracting and pushing blood into the arteries systolic
normal systolic reading 120 mm Hg
constant pressure in the walls of the arteries when the left ventricle of the heart is at rest diastolic
normal diastolic reading 80 mm Hg
high blood pressure hypertension
low blood pressure hypotension
Created by: hansonj