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Competency18-KS2027

Pharmacy Appendix C

TermDefinition
Absorption The Amount Of medication That Enters The Bloodstream, Or Systemic Circulation.
Accreditaion The Process Of Granting Recognition Or Vouching For Compliance With Established Criteria (Usually Refers To recognition Of An Insitution Or Program.)
Adjudication Prescription Claims Adjudication Refers To The Determination Of The Insurers Payment After The members Insurance Benefits Are Applied To A Medical Claim.
Ambulatory A Pharmacy Generally Located Within, Or In Close Proximity To A Clinic, Hospital, Or Medical Center That Provides Medication Services To Ambulatory Patients.
Aseptic Technique The Technique And Procedures Designed To Prevent Contamination Of Drugs, Packaging, Equipment, Or Supplies By Microorganisms During Preparation.
Autoimmunity A Misdirected Immune Response That Happens When The Body Attacks Itself.
Automated Dispensing Technology Electric Storage Cabinets Or Robotics That Secure Medications And Dispense Them To Nurses Or Other Caregivers When Needed.
Automated Medication Dispensing Device A Drug Storage Device Or Babinet that Contains An Inventory of medications That Are Electronically Dispensed So They may Be Administered To Patients In A Controlled manner.
Average Wholesale Price (AWP) A Commonly Used Benchmark For Biling Drugs That Are Reimbused In The Community Pharamcy Setting. The AWP For A Drug Is Set By The Manufacturer Of The Drug.
Beyond-Use Labeling A date That Is Given To A Medication Noting When It Should no Longer be Used, Also Known As The Expiration Date.
Bioavailability the Percentage Of An Administered Dose Of A Medication That Reaches The Bloodstream.
Brand-name Drug A Drug That Is Covered by A Patent And Is Therefore Only Available From A Single Manufacturer.
Buccal A Solid medication Dosage Form That Is Placed In The Pocket Between The Cheek And Gum And Absorbed Through The Cheek Into The Bloodstream.
Centralized Dispensing Automation Technology That Assists In The Selection And Dispensing Of Drug Products That Are Located In A Central Location, Such As The Pharmacy, And That Can Include robotics And carousels That Use Barcode Scanning to Select And Label Drug Products.
Centralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services That Are provided From One Location (Usually Centrally Located) in The Hospital,. Pharmacy Personnel, Resources And FunctionsPrimarily Reside Within This Self-Contained Location.
Certification A Voluntary process by Which A nongovernmental Agency Or Assocation Grants Recognition To An Individual Who Has Met Certain Qualifications Specified By That Agency Or Assocation.
Chain Pharmacy A Pharmacy That Is Part Of A Large Number Of Corporately Owned Pharmacies That Use The Same Name And Carry Similarly Branded OTC Products.
Community Pharmacy Generally a stand-alone pharmacy loctaed within a community that provides medication services to ambulatory patients.
Compounding Usually takes place in a pharmacy and includes the preperation, mixing, packaging, and labeling of a small quanity of a drug based on a paractitioners prescription or medication order for a specific patient.
Controlled Substances Drugs or chemical substances whose possession and use are regulated under the Federal Controlled Substances Act and by state controlled substance laws and regulations. Controlled Substances are subject to stricter controls.
Copayment (Copay) The portion of the cost of a prescription that the patient is responsible for paying when a part of the cost is covered by a third-party payer.
Decentralized Pharmacy Pharmacy services that are provided on or near a patient care area. These services are often supported by a central pharmacy. A pharmacy satellite is an example of one form of a decentralized pharmacy service.
Direct Purchasing Buying directly from a manufacturer. It typically involves the execution of a purchase order from the pharamcy to the manufacturer of the drug.
Dispensing The act of preparing a medication for use by a patient as authorized by a prescription.
Drug Distribution Services The system(s) used to distribute medications that begins when the medication is received by the pharmacy and ends when the medication is administered to the patient.
Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) The federal agency that administers and enforces federal laws for controlled substances and illegal substances such as narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The DEA is part of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Durable Medical Equipment Reusuable equipment used for the treatment of illness or injury. (e.g. wheelchairs, walkers, blood glucose meters)
Electronic MedicationAdministration Record (eMAR) A componet of the computerized patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dtaes when a medication was administered to the patient.
Elixir A clear, sweet, flavored water-and-alchol (hydroalcoholic) mixture intended for oral use.
Execretion The irreverssible removal of a drug or metabolite from a body fluid. The most common location of drug excretion in the body is the kidneys; the biliary tract is another important route of excretion.
Generic Drug A drug that is no longer covered by a patent and is therefore generally available from a multiple manufacturers, usually resulting in a significant reduction in cost.
Hazardous Material Any material that poses a risk to people, animals, property, or the environment.
Healthcare Common Procedure Coding Sysytem (HCPCS) A set of medical codes that identifies procedures, equipment, and supplies for claim submission purposes.
Hospital Formulary An approval list of medications that are routinely stocked in the hospital pharmacy to treat the types of patients the hospital typically serves.
Intracardiac Injected directly into the heart muscle.
Intradermal Injected into the top layers of the skin.
Intramuscular Injected directly into a large muscle mass, such as the upper arm, thigh, or buttock, and absorbed from the muscle tissue into the bloodstream.
Intrathecal Injected directly into the space around the spinal cord.
Intravenous Injected directly into a vein and therefore immediately available to act in the body.
Legend Drug A drug that is required by federal law to be dispensed by prescription only. It is the older term for drugs that are now identified as "RX Only".
Licensure The process by which an agency of the gov. grants permission to an individual to engage in a given occupation upon finding that the applicant has attained a degree of competency necessary to ensure that public health, safety, & welfare will be protected.
Lozenge A hard, disk-shaped soild medication dosage form that contains medication in a sugar base, which is realsed as the lozenge is held in the mouth and sucked.
Mail-Order Pharmacy A pharmacy that functions like a warehouse, with pharmacists and technicians who dispense prescriptions that are mailed to (not picked-up) the patient.
Material Safety Data Sheets Information sheets provides the manufacturers for chemicals or drugs that may be hazardous in the workplace. They provide guidelines for their safe use, and recommendations to treat an exposure or clean up a spill.
Medication Administration Record (MAR) A component of the paper patient medical record in which nurses and other healthcare providers document times and dates when a medication was given.
Medication Error Any error occuring in the medication use process.
Medication Misadventure A general term to discribe drug-related incidents.
Medication Order A written, electronic, telephone, or verbal request for a patient medication in an inpatient setting.
Medication Therapy Management (MTM) A service or group that optimize theraputic outcomes for a patient.
National Drug Code Number (NDC) A unique number assigned to each drug, strength, and package size for the purpose of identification.
Ointment A semisolid medication dosage form, applied to the skin or mucous membranes, which lubricates and softens or is used as a base for drug delivery.
Over-The-Counter Drugs (OTC) Drugs that are available with a prescription.
Parenteral A route of medication administration that bypasses the gastrointestinal tract, such as intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous administration.
Patient Counseling The act of educating a patient, by the pharmacist, regarding the proper use of a prescription, at the time of dispensing.
Patient Profile A list of information about the patient, including name, ID number, date of birth, sex, height, weight, lab values, admitting &seconday diagnoses, room & bed number, names of admitting & consulting physicians, allergies, medication history, &comments.
Perception The mental process of becoming aware of or recognizing an object or idea.
Percutaneous Through the skin; transdermal.
Peripheral Neuropthy Damage of nerves other than the brain and spinal cord.
Peristalsis Waves of involuntary muscular contractions in the digestive tract. In the stomach, this motion mixes food with gastric juices, turning it into a thin liquid called chyme.
Perpetual Inventory Process An inventory metion in which controlled substances and investigational drugs are inventorized and tracked continuously. All dosages is accounted for at all times.
Pharmacist A healthcare professional licensed by the state to engage in the practice of pharmacy. Must have advanced stuies.
Pharmacy Satellite A physical space located in or near a patient care area that can provide a variety of distributive and clinical services.
Prescription The written or verbal authorization, by an authorized prescriber, for the use of a particular pharmaceutical agent for an individual patient. This term also refers to the physical product dispensed.
Primary Prescription Label Affixed to a dispensed drug product, that contains legally required info:pharmacy name&address,patient name,prescriber name, drug use,directions for use,date dispensed,cautionary statements,seqential prescription number,intitials of pharm,quantity,# of re
Professional A person who practices an occupation or vocation that requires advanced speacilized training.
Professionalism Actively demonstrating the attitudes, qualities and behaviors of a professional while performing the duties of ones profession: "putting the needs of others before your own".
Purchase Order A document executed by a purchaser and forwarded to a supplier that is condsidered a legal offer to buy products or services.
Registration The process of making a list or being enrolled in an existing list.
STAT Abbreviation of the latin word statim, meaning immediately.
Stock Rotation Placing the products that will expire the soonest in the front of the shelf or bin and those with later expiration dates behind them.
Subcutaneous Deposited in the tissue just under the skin.
Sublingual Placed under the togue, where it dissolves and is absorbed into the bloodstream.
Suspension A mixture of fine particles of an undissolved soild spread throughout a liquid or, less commonly a gas.
Techician An individual skilled in the practial or mechanical aspects of a profession. A pharmacy tech assists the pharmacist in day to day routines that do not require the judgment of a pharmacist.
Topical Applied to the skin, mucous membranes, or other external parts of the body, such as fingernails, toenails, and hair.
Transdermal Through the skin; percutaneous.
Unit Dose Distribution System A system that provides all or most medications to patients in a unit dose ready to administer form.
Unit-Dose Package A non-reusable container designed to hold a quanity of drug to be administered as a single dose.
Wholesaler A large-scale warehouse with drugs and supplies located in various geographic regions that exist to help bring pharmaceutical products closer to the market.
Created by: haileyxbailey21