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Stack #155891

Infant Development

What is temperament? inborn style of reacting to the environment
What is egocentric? Seeing things from your own point of view
What age is an infant? birth to 12 months
Sensorimotor Stage of cognitive development from birth to 2 years old
Babinski toes fan out when the bottom of the foot is stroked
Moro also known as startle reflex
Stepping reflex where a baby makes a walking motion when held up with its feed touching a surface
Swimming hold a baby horizontally and it will move its arms and legs in a swimming motion
Erik Erikson child development theorist who said that bonding is necessary for development of good self-esteem.
trust or mistrust this is based on the quality of a baby's early experiences with caregivers and the environment
fontanel soft spots on a baby's head
Heredity traits that you are born with
Environment people, places, experiences, and surroundings
Rooting turn toward a touch on the baby's cheek or lips
Bonding forming a strong attachment to and preference for a primary caregiver
nurture to provide love, support, and encouragement
Grasping automatically closing the hand when the palm is touched
separation distress when a baby shows unhappiness or is upset when a primary caregiver leaves
stranger anxiety fear of unfamiliar people, usually expressed by crying
Easy temperament babies that adjust quickly to changes in their routines
Slow to warm up children who need more time to adjust to new people and new situations
Difficult children who do not adjust well to changes in routines
Attachment behavior infant will show signs of pleasure when the caregiver appears and distress when the caregiver leaves
Object permanance understanding that an object continues to exist even when it is out of sight
Birth to one month baby practices inborn reflexes and does not understand itself as a separate person
one to four months baby combines 2 or more reflexes and develops hand to mouth coordination
four to eight months baby acts intentionally to produce results and improves eye-hand coordination
eight to twelve months begins to solve problemsand finds partially hidden objects; imitates others
twelve to eighteen months finds hidden objects; explores and experiments, and understands that objects exist independently
eighteen to twenty-four months solves problems by thinking through sequences; can think using symbols; begins imaginative thinking
Perceptual motor skills skills that require the coordination of vision, intellect, and movement
Eye-hand coordination the ability to move the hands and fingers precisely in relation to what is seen
Reflexes inborn, instinctive, involuntary reactions to a stimulus, such as noise or touch
Moro throwing out the arms and legs in response to a loud sound or sudden movement
vocalizations sounds that imitate adult language
discomfort, distress, happiness emotions that infants experience
responsive, consistent, reliable care necessary for a baby's emotional development in order to develop trust in others and int their environment
marasmus condition in which babies fail to thrive that can be caused by lack of social and emtional interaction or physical problems or poor nutrition
Created by: PamMcIntyre